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Eric A. Curry, Carolina Torres, and Luis Neubauer

. Since 2000, lenticel breakdown disorder (LB) has been a high priority area for research investigations in the arid apple growing regions of the United States. LB symptoms are not visible at harvest nor are they usually apparent on unprocessed fruit after

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James P. Mattheis

WATERCORE AND LENTICEL BREAKDOWN Some changes in storage practices for individual cultivars have also occurred as a result of the use of SmartFresh. For ‘Delicious’ and ‘Fuji’, two cultivars that are prone to development of watercore, SmartFresh provides

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Jinwook Lee, James P. Mattheis, and David R. Rudell

incidence of stem-end cracking ( Byers, 1998 ). ‘Gala’ apples can also develop flesh breakdown during cold storage in air or a controlled atmosphere (CA) ( Argenta et al., 2006 ; Johnson, 2000 ; Stow and Genge, 2000 ). CA storage CO 2 content (0, 1, or 5

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Jinwook Lee, James P. Mattheis, and David R. Rudell

treated fruit may be associated with reduced fresh weight loss and ripening during cold storage ( Bai et al., 2005 ; Fan et al., 1999 ). The incidence of ‘Royal Gala’ flesh breakdown increases with increased fruit size but flesh breakdown severity is

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Magdolna Tóth, Gitta Ficzek, Ildikó Király, Szilvia Kovács, Mária Hevesi, Júlia Halász, and Zsolt Szani

-colored, semifirm, fine-textured, slightly to moderately juicy, sweet, and refreshingly subacid with a weak aroma. ‘Rosmerta’ is moderately susceptible to lenticel spot, and ‘Jonathan’ breakdown (under the skin) occurs in air storage. Fig. 4. Fruit of ‘Rosmerta

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Thomas Sotiropoulos, Georgios Syrgianidis, Nikolaos Koutinas, Antonios Petridis, and Dimitrios Almaliotis

which time internal breakdown tends to occur. Origin In Greece, the total pear production in 2007 was 75,249 t and acreage was 4,000 ha ( FAO, 2007 ). The main pear cultivars grown in Greece are ‘Kristali’ and ‘Williams’. ‘Kontoula’ summer cultivar

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Richard L. Bell and Tom van der Zwet

hemisphere ( van der Zwet and Beer, 1999 ). Long storage life, absence of core breakdown, and resistance to superficial scald are also economically important physiological traits. ‘Shenandoah’ was released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and The Ohio

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W. Robert Trentham, Carl E. Sams, and William S. Conway

harvest and in extended cold storage ( Recasens et al., 2004 ). Increasing the Ca content of apples maintains fruit firmness, decreases the incidence of disorders such as water core, bitter pit, and internal breakdown ( Bangerth et al., 1972 ; Dierend and

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companies with higher annual gross sales utilized higher levels of automation/mechanization. Automation/mechanization had a neutral effect on employment, but resulted in higher workers' earnings. Preharvest Lipophilic Coatings Reduce Lenticel Breakdown in

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Renae Moran, Jennifer DeEll, and Cindy B.S. Tong

storage, incidences of soft scald, soggy breakdown, bitter pit, lenticel blotch, lenticel breakdown, senescent breakdown, diffuse flesh browning, and core browning were counted. Statistical analyses. The main effects of harvest date and location and their