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N.E. Maness, J.E. Motes, B. Bostian, and R.J. Schatzer

Sage is a perennial, semi-evergreen herb and is a multiharvest crop. In a 4-year field study in Bixby, Okla., three N rates, including 60, 120, and 180 kg/h, and four fall harvest dates, including 40 and 20 days before the average first freeze date in Bixby, the average freeze date, and 20 days past the average freeze date were evaluated on sage (Salvia officinalis) production. The fall harvest dates were ≈20 Sept., 10 Oct., 1 Nov., or 20 Nov. each year. Plots were established with transplants in Spring 1990. On all plots, growing-season harvests were executed once in spring and once in summer, followed by the final harvest in the fall annually (1991 to 1994). Results indicated N effects on yield and the N × final fall harvest date interaction were not significant for any of the years. Yields were significantly reduced in the 40 and 20 days prefreeze date harvest treatment plots in 1992, 1993, and 1994 by a hard freeze of –7C on 2 Nov. 1991 with no prior killing frost. Plant stand loss was 61% and 8% in the 40 and 20 days prefreeze harvested plots, respectively. Injury, but not plant loss, in the 20 days prefreeze harvested plots contributed to the yield reduction. Yields in the two later final harvest treatment plots were not affected.

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Tess Astatkie, Santosh Shiwakoti, Shital Poudyal, Thomas Horgan, Natasha Kovatcheva, and Anna Dobreva

Garden sage ( Salvia officinalis L.) is a small herbaceous aromatic, medicinal, and culinary plant from the Lamiaceae family ( Pederson, 2000 ). Garden sage essential oil is extracted from the whole above-ground herbage and has numerous

Open access

Annika E. Kohler and Roberto G. Lopez

. Litvin-Zabal (2019) reported shoot fresh and dry mass increased when increasing the DLI for hydroponically grown mint ( Mentha spp.), oregano ( Origanum vulgare ), sage ( Salvia officinalis ), and thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ). For example, the shoot fresh

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Christopher J. Currey, Vincent C. Metz, Nicholas J. Flax, Alex G. Litvin, and Brian E. Whipker

sativum ), and parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ) growth ( Appling, 2012 ). Maintaining the substrate moisture content of containerized sweet basil, dill ( Anethum graveolens ), parsley, and sage ( Salvia officinalis ) at 40% to 50% less (by volume) than

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James E. Motes, Nancy E. Maness, and Bruce Bostian

Dalmation sage was transplanted in rows 92 cm apart with in-row spacing of 30 cm on 12 April 1989 at the Vegetable Research Station, Bixby, Oklahoma. Plots one row by 55 m long were established to determine the best timing for harvest and to observe the effect of cutting height and date on yield and regrowth in the fall and regrowth the following season.

Four harvest dates in 1989 were 15 August, 25 August, 18 September and 8 November. In addition, one half of the plots harvested 15 August were recut on 5 November. Cutting height was 10 cm on 15 August, 12 cm on 25 August and 15 cm at all other harvest dates in 1989 and 1990. Four harvests were made on all plots during the 1990 season except those cut or recut in November 1989. Spring 1990 regrowth was very poor and no harvest was possible in April 1990 on November 1989 harvested plots. Highest total dry weight yields for the 1989 and 1990 seasons were produced by the 15 August initial cut with a 5 November recut (11,522 kg·ha-1) and the 8 November 1989 cut plots (10,881 kg·ha-1). Other plots that were harvested once in August or September 1989 plus four separate harvests in 1990 produced a total yield near 9,500 kg·ha-1. The 15 cm height of cut appeared to be superior to cutting closer to the soil.

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Jerry T. Walker

Twenty herb species were exposed to root-knot nematode under greenhouse conditions. The root systems were examined for root gall development and nematode reproduction as an indication of host suitability. The herbs evaluated were balm (Melissa officinalis L.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), catnip (Nepeta cataria L.), chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.), coriander (Coriandrum sativium L.), dill (Anethum graveolens L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.), lavender (Lavandula augustifolia Mill.), oregano (Origanum vulgare L.), peppermint (Mentha ×piperita L.), rocket-salad (Erurca vesicaria L.), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), rue (Ruta graveolens L.), sage (Salvia officinalis L.), savory (Satureja hortensis L.), sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana L.), tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), and wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.). Peppermint, oregano, and marjoram consistently were free of root galls after exposure to initial nematode populations of two or 15 eggs/cm3 of soil medium and were considered resistant. All other herb species developed root galls with accompanying egg masses, classifying them as susceptible or hypersusceptible to root-knot nematode. The highest initial nematode egg density (15 eggs/cm3) significantly decreased dry weights of 14 species. The dry weights of other species were unaffected at these infestation densities after 32- to 42-day exposure.

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov and Tess Astatkie

phytoextraction seem to be Indian mustard [ Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.], clary sage ( Salvia sclarea L.), garden sage ( Salvia officinalis L.), lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia L.), sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L.), scented geranium ( Pelargonium sp

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Weiguang Yi and Hazel Y. Wetzstein

members of the family have high phenolic and antioxidant content such as basil ( Ocimum basilicum ), lemon balm ( Melissa officinalis ), sweet marjoram ( Origanum majorana ), oregano ( Origanum vulgare ), peppermint, rosemary, sage ( Salvia officinalis

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Joseph Tychonievich and Ryan M. Warner

.J. 2008 Mabberly's plant book 3rd Ed Cambridge University Press Cambridge, UK Putievsky, E. Ravid, U. Diwan-Rinzler, N. Zohary, D. 1990 Genetic affinities and essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L., S. fruticosa Mill., S. tomentosa and

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Deron Caplan, Mike Dixon, and Youbin Zheng

.E. Marzouk, B. 2009 Water deficit effects on Salvia officinalis fatty acids and essential oils composition Scientia Hort. 120 271 275 Blanch, J.S. Peñuelas, J. Sardans, J. Llusià, J. 2009 Drought, warming and soil fertilization effects on leaf volatile