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Celina Gómez, Christopher J. Currey, Ryan W. Dickson, Hye-Ji Kim, Ricardo Hernández, Nadia C. Sabeh, Rosa E. Raudales, Robin G. Brumfield, Angela Laury-Shaw, Adam K. Wilke, Roberto G. Lopez, and Stephanie E. Burnett

interest in applying CEA practices to urban agriculture (UA), including small- (e.g., in-home production or indoor gardens), medium- (e.g., community gardens), or large-scale commercial operations [e.g., rooftop greenhouses or warehouse-based indoor “plant

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A-Young Lee, Seon-Ok Kim, and Sin-Ae Park

In South Korea, urban agriculture is defined as the cultivation of crops and ornamental plants, and the cultivation of insects and animals using various living spaces in urban areas ( Korea Ministry of Government Legislation, 2017 ). In the United

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Mahdi Abdal and Majda Sulieman

Agricultural development in Kuwait faces many problems and obstacles, such as limitation of water resources for irrigation, soils conditions, climatic extreme (particularly during the summer periods), and trained labor. With these extreme conditions for agricultural development in Kuwait, there is a strong demand from the public and the government for agricultural activities, particularly in urban landscape and greenery. World travel has enhanced the public's desire for the beautification of the urban areas and has emphasized the importance of the urban landscape. Planning urban landscape and greenery for Kuwait depends on various variables and efficient management of limited resources. Irrigation water is limited in Kuwait, and the quality of water is deteriorating from over-pumping of underground water and increased soil salinity by over irrigation and lack of drainage. Efficient irrigation-water management can be improved in Kuwait with enhanced irrigation research and implementation of the recommendations of this research. Research topics can also include water evaporation, which is high in Kuwait, and the introduction of mulching materials to improve water irrigation efficiency. Most of the soils in Kuwait are sandy with limited organic materials and plant nutrients. Research in soil fertility and plant uptake of nutrients is essential for any agricultural activities. Introducing ornamental plants tolerant to drought, salinity, and heat is a continuous research component of urban landscape and greenery in Kuwait. Training local staff in basic agricultural activities and research development should improve resource management and enhance the greenery of Kuwait.

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Roland Ebel, Esmaeil Fallahi, John L. Griffis Jr., Dilip Nandwani, Donielle Nolan, Ross H. Penhallegon, and Mary Rogers

horticulture is widely congruent with the terms urban agriculture or urban farming. Urban horticulture is both a site characterization and a production strategy. During the past decade, the idea has left the circles of producers and scholars and has become

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Roland Ebel

. For. Meteorol. 112 179 193 Losada, H. Martinez, H. Vieyra, J. Pealing, R. Zavala, R. Cortés, J. 1998 Urban agriculture in the metropolitan zone of Mexico City: Changes over time in urban, suburban and peri-urban areas Environ. Urban. 10 37 54 Mae, F

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Mary Rogers, Illana Livstrom, Brandon Roiger, and Amy Smith

attitudes toward and preferences for these foods ( Heim et al., 2009 ). In urban areas, this can be achieved through schoolyard and community gardens. There is growing interest in the benefits of urban agriculture for youth education as evidenced by the

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Kent D. Kobayashi, Theodore J.K. Radovich, and Brooke E. Moreno

agriculture, urban agriculture, forest gardening, landscape ecology, green roofs, vertical farming, and space farming ( Table 2 ). Where appropriate, organic farming principles are briefly covered under the various topics. Table 2. Lecture and laboratory

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S. Christopher Marble, Stephen A. Prior, G. Brett Runion, H. Allen Torbert, Charles H. Gilliam, and Glenn B. Fain

approximately one-half million acres ( USDA, 2007 ). In addition, non-agricultural land (e.g., urban and suburban) in the United States comprises 150 million areas ( Lubowski et al., 2006 ), a significant proportion of which is (or could be) planted with

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John C. Majsztrik and John D. Lea-Cox

, 1992 ). Additionally, there were increased efforts to control non-point source pollution, which was primarily attributed to agriculture, but urban sources were explicitly recognized as contributors. The agreement also sought to explore “cooperative

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Carter M. Westerhold, Samuel Wortman, Kim Todd, and Douglas Golick

HortTechnology 18 162 167 Persson, A.S. Rundlöf, M. Clough, Y. Smith, H.G. 2015 Bumble bees show trait-dependent vulnerability to landscape simplification Biodivers. Conserv. 24 3469 3489 Potter, A. LeBuhn, G. 2015 Pollination service to urban agriculture in San