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Masahiro Toyoda, Yuko Yokota, Marni Barnes, and Midori Kaneko

preventing mental health issues in the workforce, promoting awareness of stress in the workers themselves, and amelioration of stress in the work environment ( Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, 2016 ). The results of a field survey of industrial safety

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Amy L. McFarland

spaces appeared to positively influence employees’ perceptions of overall job satisfaction (particularly for males), employees’ perceptions of their overall life quality, and employees’ perceptions of their physical work environment. Although past

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Andrea Dravigne, Tina Marie Waliczek, R.D. Lineberger, and J.M. Zajicek

). Demographic and work environment questions. The section of the questionnaire that specifically pertained to demographic information and the presence or absence of live plants within office spaces and window views of green spaces was developed and validated

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Caroline H. Pearson-Mims and Virginia I. Lohr

Interiorscaping has been prevalent in office environments in the United States since the 1960s. Historically, proponents of interior plantings have cited numerous benefits, including improved employee morale, increased productivity, and reduced absenteeism when plants are added to the workplace, despite little scientific research to support these claims. Contemporary research is beginning to document some of these purported benefits of interior plantings on human comfort, well-being, and productivity. If researchers continue to provide concrete evidence that interaction with plants is directly linked to improved human health and well-being, this information will provide further justification for the use of interior plants in a variety of indoor work settings. With an ever-increasing emphasis by business managers on minimizing costs, it is important for industry professionals to provide quantifiable justification for the inclusion of plants in modern work environments.

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Tove Fjeld

Plants are widely used in building environments; however, studies reporting the health and discomfort symptoms of people in response to indoor foliage plants are few. The objective of the presented studies was to assess the effect of foliage plants or a combination of foliage plants and full-spectrum fluorescent lamps on self-reported health and discomfort complaints in three different work environments: an office building, an X-ray department in a Norwegian hospital, and a junior high school. Health and discomfort symptoms were found to be 21% to 25% lower during the period when subjects had plants or plants and full-spectrum lighting present compared to a period without plants. Neuropsychological symptoms, such as fatigue and headache, and mucous membrane symptoms, such as dry and hoarse throat, seemed to be more affected by the treatments than skin symptoms, such as itching skin.

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Andrea K. Dravigne, Tina M. Waliczek, Jayne M. Zajicek, and R. Daniel Lineberger

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the presence of live interior plants or window views of exterior green spaces on employee job satisfaction. A survey was administered through an online database. The survey included questions regarding physical work environment, the presence or absence of live interior plants, windows, exterior green spaces, environmental preferences, job satisfaction, and demographical information. About 600 office workers from Texas and the Midwest responded to the on-line workplace environment survey. Data were analyzed to compare levels of job satisfaction of employees that worked in office spaces that included live interior plants or window views of exterior green spaces and employees that worked in office environments without live plants or window views. Demographic information collected allowed controlling for salary, occupational level, educational level, age group, gender, and ethnicity. This research data can be particularly useful in urban planning, commercial property design and to encourage the incorporation of plants and green spaces in interior and exterior development projects.

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Tina Bringslimark, Terry Hartig, and Grete Grindal Patil

in research on plants in the work environment can be studied against the background of two general sets of workplace factors, physical and psychosocial. For decades, psychologists have realized that physical workplace factors have an important

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Jane Dyrhauge Thomsen, Hans K.H. Sønderstrup-Andersen, and Renate Müller

environment and their well-being. Therefore, we did not measure how ornamental plants directly affected the physical work environment (e.g., air humidity or volatile organic chemicals). Materials and Methods Critical realism (CR) was chosen as the ontological

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Tigon Woline and Ann Marie VanDerZanden

factors that influence decision-making or problem-solving in a work environment both before and after completing four online case studies. Students were asked a series of questions about their problem-solving process for the Swamp White Oak case study, the

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Megan Holmes and Tina M. Waliczek

nonhorticultural outdoor, if the site included any type of horticultural work, among other work, the site was classified as a horticulturally related work environment ( Table 1 ). Table 1. Hays County, Texas, community service agencies included in the study, the