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Lixin Xu, Mili Zhang, Xunzhong Zhang, and Lie-Bao Han

. Fry, J. Pan, X. Rajashekar, C. Bremer, D. Engelke, M. Wang, X. 2009 Cold acclimation of Zoysia japonica and Z. matrella and changes in rhizome abscisic acid levels Intl. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 11 883 889 Zhang, X. Ervin, E.H. 2004 Cytokinin

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Xi Xiong, Ken Diesburg, and Daniel T. Lloyd

Zoysiagrass ( Zoysia japonica Steud.) is a popular turfgrass species used in golf course fairways in Missouri and surrounding states ( Lyman et al., 2007 ). Throughout this region, zoysiagrass enters dormancy typically in November and resumes

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M.D. Richardson and J.W. Boyd

Establishment of zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) from sprigs is often impractical for golf courses and sports fields because of the slow growth rate of the species and subsequent long establishment period. A study was conducted at two different sites in Arkansas to evaluate the effects of soil topdressing and post-plant fertility rates on establishment of zoysiagrass from vegetative sprigs. Each site was planted according to standard methods using freshly-harvested sprigs (18 m3/ha) and either top dressed with 1.0 cm of native soil or maintained without topdressing. Beginning immediately after establishment, N was applied monthly at rates of 0, 1.25, 2.50, 3.75, or 5.0 g·m-2 as urea. Rate of cover was monitored throughout the growing season and elemental analysis of plant tissues was determined 120 days after planting. Topdressing the sprigs with native soil significantly improved establishment compared to traditional sprigging at both sites, presumably because of enhanced sprig survival. Applications of N during the establishment period had little or no overall effect on establishment, although the 0 g·m-2 rate was slightly inferior to all other rates. This study indicates that methods that enhance sprig survival are more important than added fertility for the rapid establishment of zoysiagrass sprigs.

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Kenton W. Peterson, Jack D. Fry, and Dale J. Bremer

). There are 11 species in the Zoysia genus, of which three are used as a turfgrass: Z. japonica , Z. matrella , and Z. pacifica ( Engelke and Anderson, 2003 ). In the United States, zoysiagrass is used extensively on golf courses and home lawns

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Jack D. Fry and Raymond A. Cloyd

Entomology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS) identified all the bluegrass billbug larvae collected from the study area at the Rocky Ford Turfgrass Research Center (Manhattan, KS) during the course of the study. We evaluated ‘Meyer’ ( Zoysia japonica

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David O. Okeyo, Jack D. Fry, Dale J. Bremer, Ambika Chandra, A. Dennis Genovesi, and Milton C. Engelke

shaded zoysiagrass ( Qian and Engelke, 1999 ; Qian et al., 1998 ). Zoysiagrass cultivars from Z. japonica have been reported to have poorer shade tolerance compared with ‘Emerald’ zoysiagrass or cultivars from Z. matrella ( Fry and Huang, 2004

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Antonio Pompeiano, Nicola Grossi, and Marco Volterrani

.10.0633 Pompeiano, A. Volterrani, M. Lulli, F. Grossi, N. Magni, S. 2008 Zoysiagrass stolon activity during establishment Proc. 1st European Turfgrass Soc. Conf 149 150 Richardson, M.D. Boyd, J.W. 2001 Establishing Zoysia japonica from sprigs: Effects of

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Qi Zhang, Jack Fry, Channa Rajashekar, Dale Bremer, and Milton Engelke

. Chem. 277 31994 32002 Zhang, Q. Fry, J. Pan, X. Rajashekar, C. Bremer, D. Engelke, M. Wang, X. 2009 Cold acclimation of Zoysia japonica and Z. matrella and changes in

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David O. Okeyo, Jack D. Fry, Dale J. Bremer, Ambika Chandra, Dennis Genovesi, and Milton C. Engelke

Japanese lawngrass ( Z. japonica ) and Manilagrass ( Z. matrella ) are collectively referred to as zoysiagrass in the United States; however, Z. japonica is more cold-hardy than the Z. matrella ( Patton, 2009 ). Meyer zoysiagrass, a Z. japonica

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Ken Obasa, Jack Fry, and Megan Kennelly

Zoysiagrass ( Zoysia spp.) is a warm-season (C4) turfgrass that is popular in the transition zone of the United States ( Dunn and Diesburg, 2004 ; Fry et al., 2008 ; Patton et al., 2007 ). Some desirable characteristics of zoysiagrasses include