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Eric Watkins, Bingru Huang, and William A. Meyer

conditions ( Brilman and Watkins, 2003 ). Tufted hairgrass performs well as a turfgrass during the spring; however, the species does not perform adequately during the summer in warm climates. Overall turfgrass quality of tufted hairgrass declines rapidly

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Mingying Xiang, Justin Q. Moss, Dennis L. Martin, and Yanqi Wu

-to-type of the parent plant ( Harlan and De Wet, 1969 ). Certain seeded types have been increasingly used in the industry as they have comparable turfgrass quality and performance relative to interspecific hybrid bermudagrass ( C. dactylon × Cynodon

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Christian M. Baldwin, Haibo Liu, Lambert B. McCarty, Hong Luo, and Joe E. Toler

a result of GA disruption, TE typically enhances warm- and cool-season turfgrass quality when light interception is interrupted. ‘Penncross’ creeping bentgrass grown under 80% shade treated with multiple TE applications at 0.042 and 0.070 kg a

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Yiwei Jiang, Huifen Liu, and Van Cline

irrigation management in improving turf quality. Perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L.) is a commonly used turfgrass species on golf course fairways, where spatial variations in drought stress often occur. Therefore, the objective of this study was to

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Zhimin Yang, Jingjin Yu, Emily Merewitz, and Bingru Huang

Drought and salinity stress are common problems in turfgrass management resulting from limited availability of fresh water for irrigation and increased use of non-potable water sources for irrigation of turfgrasses. Irrigating with water of poor

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Xunzhong Zhang, Wenli Wu, Erik H. Ervin, Chao Shang, and Kim Harich

landscapes ( Huang et al., 2014 ; Jiang et al., 2013 ; Sun et al., 2015 ). Salt stress may reduce turfgrass growth and quality by osmotic stress-induced injury. In many areas with limited fresh water resources, reclaimed water has been applied on golf

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Victoria H. Wallace, Candace Bartholomew, and Julie H. Campbell

drastically limited their ability to implement potentially costly management practices and increase labor requirements necessary to improve turfgrass quality and offset the loss of pesticides. It should be noted that at the time of the enforcement of the new

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Jinmin Fu, Jack Fry, and Bingru Huang

irrigated at 60% and 80% of actual ET in 2001 and 2002 ( Fu et al., 2004 ). However, if the turfgrass manager could tolerate 1 week of unacceptable quality, then a MDIL of 40% and 60% in 2001 and 2002, respectively, would have sufficed. Zoysiagrass quality

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Jacob C. Domenghini, Dale J. Bremer, Jack D. Fry, and Gregory L. Davis

experience drought stress. Including plants in the landscape that have the ability to maintain their quality longer or experience dormancy during drought, and recover afterward, would be beneficial in areas with water restrictions and contribute to reduced

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Kemin Su, Justin Q. Moss, Guolong Zhang, Dennis L. Martin, and Yanqi Wu

the 2007 to 2011 National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) bermudagrass test and had high turf quality rating ( NTEP, 2013 ). However, there are few reports on the drought resistance mechanisms associated with dehydrin protein expression during