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Adam D. Karl, Michael G. Brown, Sihui Ma, Ann Sandbrook, Amanda C. Stewart, Lailiang Cheng, Anna Katharine Mansfield, and Gregory M. Peck

blush, starch pattern index (SPI), flesh firmness, and chlorophyll a content. Peel blush was visually approximated as the area of the fruit peel with red coloration. Starch pattern index was rated on a 1- to 8-point scale, with 1 = 0% starch degradation

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Safwan Shiyab

constituents such as protein ( Lowry et al., 1951 ), sugars ( Nelson, 1944 ), and starch ( Dubais et al., 1956 ) were determined according to their references. The analysis of total nitrogen (N) was performed using the Micro-Kjeldahl digestion procedure; crude

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Tripti Vashisth and Taylor Livingston

can be observed, resulting in an accumulation of starch in symptomatic leaves ( Kim et al., 2009 ; Schneider, 1968 ), the aerial stem, and bark tissue ( Etxeberria et al., 2009 ). Typical visible symptoms of HLB-affected trees include yellowing of

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Marissa Moses and Pathmanathan Umaharan

system (Imagestore 7500; UVP). The presence or absence of the reproducible RAPD markers generated for each accession was given a score of 1 or 0, respectively. Data analysis. A non-metric multidimensional scaling (MDS) plot using Dice’s similarity index

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Yun-Peng Zhong, Zhi Li, Dan-Feng Bai, Xiu-Juan Qi, Jin-Yong Chen, Cui-Guo Wei, Miao-Miao Lin, and Jin-Bao Fang

plantlet was a replication. Drought damage index design. A grade scale of the DDI was developed based on the different damage symptoms observed in leaves and shoots after 30 d of treatment. Preliminary experiment showed that 30 d was an appropriate period

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Valeria Sigal Escalada and Douglas D. Archbold

ripening (H1) based on starch index and ethylene production, at 119 d after full bloom (DAFB) in 2004 and 123 DAFB in 2005. AVG-treated apples were harvested with the control fruit (H1) and were also harvested 2 weeks later (H2) in 2004 (133 DAFB) and 1

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Yosef Al Shoffe, Abdul Sattar Shah, Jacqueline F. Nock, and Christopher B. Watkins

refractometer (Atago Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). TA was measured by titrating the juice to pH 8.1 with 0.1 m NaOH (Mettler DL 12 Titrator, Hightstown, NJ). The starch pattern index (SPI) of each fruit cut at the equator was assessed using the Cornell generic

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C. Yang, D.Y. Jiao, Z.Q. Cai, H.D. Gong, and G.Y. Li

S . Stem samples in each treatment were collected and were dried at 70 °C and ground to a powder fine enough to pass a 40-mesh screen. The dried stem tissue was analyzed for NSC, defined as the sum of starch and soluble sugar (glucose, fructose, and

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Michael A. Schnelle

least a second cultivar is required ( Gold, 2014 ). In chinese chestnut orchards, where all trees produce pollen, the recommended orchard design is to establish alternating double rows of a given cultivar in a repeated pattern (needing at least two

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Jun Tang, Kang-Di Hu, Lan-Ying Hu, Yan-Hong Li, Yong-Sheng Liu, and Hua Zhang

staple food and provide vitamin C, provitamin A, vitamin B, and iron and also as a raw material for production of starch, organic acids, and alcoholic beverages ( Azhar and Hamdy, 1981 ; Woolfe, 1992 ). Sweetpotatoes are usually stored for several months