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Nicole L. Waterland, Youyoun Moon, Janet C. Tou, Moo Jung Kim, Eugenia M. Pena-Yewtukhiw, and Suejin Park

included in the assessment of nutrient density was Fe. Minerals play vital roles in various biological processes during different stages of growth and development in plants. Plants provide up to 17 essential minerals for normal plant growth and development

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Joanne E. MacDonald and John N. Owens

, abnormal bud development after multiple applications of SDs can occur in coastal douglas fir seedlings (MacDonald, unpublished results), which necessitates culling of affected seedlings during morphological grading (R. Merrell, BCMOFR, personal

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Toshio Shibuya, Ryosuke Endo, Yuki Kitamura, Yoshiaki Kitaya, and Nobuaki Hayashi

under FL H or 6 d under ML, sample seedlings from each treatment group were taken to measure the net photosynthetic rate (P n ) and quantum yield of photosystem II photochemistry (Ф PSII ; Maxwell and Johnson, 2000 ). Because of the faster development

Open access

Tong Zhang, Yingjie Yan, Chuantong Li, Junmei Liu, Dongxue Yin, Xiangying Xiong, Wei Liu, and Yueqin Yang

germination and seedling establishment are critical and complicated processes in the growth and development of plants, which directly affect the spatial distribution and reproductive evolution of plant population ( Vijai Anand et al., 2020 ). Illumination time

Open access

Thibault Nordey, Elias Shem, and Joel Huat

, 2003 ). Synchronizing the development of seedlings used as scions and rootstocks is one of the technical challenges of grafting, especially for heterografting. Seedlings of eggplant, african eggplant, and wild species used as tomato rootstocks are

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Ute Albrecht and Kim D. Bowman

. L. asiaticus infection on seed quality and seedling development and whether seedlings grown from affected fruit develop HLB disease. Two experiments were conducted using either seeds from rootstock source trees of six different genotypes or seeds

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Seth D. Wannemuehler, Chengyan Yue, Wendy K. Hoashi-Erhardt, R. Karina Gallardo, and Vicki McCracken

cultivar development in the program, costs for 10 years of hybrid crosses and subsequent evaluation stages were estimated. An average year in the strawberry program can result in ≈3500 seedlings planted in seedling trials, and yearly crosses result in

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Elisha O. Gogo, Mwanarusi Saidi, Francis M. Itulya, Thibaud Martin, and Mathieu Ngouajio

seeds are expensive and farmers in developing countries cannot afford poor germination as a result of unfavorable growing conditions [ Horticultural Crop Development Authority (HCDA), 2006 ]. In addition, tomato seedling production in many parts of sub

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Jayesh B. Samtani, John B. Masiunas, and James E. Appleby

seedlings were sprayed with water. Seedlings were treated at the leaf unfolding stage on 8 June 2005 for both species and on 5 and 7 June 2006 for red and white oaks, respectively. In 2006, rate of leaf development differed between the two species. A layer

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Nicole L. Waterland and Richard J. Gladon

history stages of salt marsh plants. II. Early seedling development advantage of Spartina alterniflora over Phragmites australis (Poaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 83 1343 1350