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Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, and Christina Perez

of reclaimed water is not a widely acceptable practice for irrigating nursery and landscape plants because of potential salt damage to sensitive plant species and lack of information on their salt tolerance. To enhance sustainable development and

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Iryna Andrenko, Thayne Montague, Cynthia McKenney, and Russell Plowman

levels without serious salt injury symptoms, such as reduction in growth, yield, or visual quality ( Grieve et al., 2008 ; Liu et al., 2020 ). Degradation of visual quality is particularly problematic for ornamental plants ( Veatch-Blohm et al., 2014

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M.A. Czarnota

applied on 29 May 2004 and 13 May 2005. Rates of glyphosate were 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 lb/acre. The glyphosate applied was RoundupPro (Monsanto, St. Louis) which contains 4.0 lb/gal glyphosate in the form of its isopropylamine salt. This formulation

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Genhua Niu, Pedro Osuna, Youping Sun, and Denise S. Rodriguez

visual score of 4.7. In a previous study, Niu et al. (2010a) found that three ornamental chile cultivars (Black Pearl, Calico, and Purple Flash) had a minor foliar injury at EC of 7.4 dS·m −1 when grown in a greenhouse with salt accumulation in the

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Xuan Liu and Donald L. Suarez

. 63 362 367 doi: 10.17221/398/2017-PSE James, R.A. Rivelli, A.R. Munns, R. von Caemmerer, S. 2002 Factors affecting CO 2 assimilation, leaf injury and growth in salt-stressed durum wheat Func. Plant Biol. 29 1393 1403 doi: 10.1071/FP02069 Jiang, Q

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Y.L. Qian, J.M. Fu, S.J. Wilhelm, D. Christensen, and A.J. Koski

(brown, dead turf) to 9 (optimum color, density, and uniformity). Turf receiving a rating of 6 was deemed to have acceptable quality. Leaf firing percentage, an indication of salt injury, was determined by visually estimating the total percentage of

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Aneela Nijabat, Adam Bolton, Muhammad Mahmood-ur-Rehman, Adeel Ijaz Shah, Rameez Hussain, Naima Huma Naveed, Aamir Ali, and Philipp Simon

all influenced by cell membrane stability and relative cell injury, and these are important physiological characters that have been demonstrated to respond to effective selection and breeding for abiotic stress tolerance response of several crops

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Nydia Celis, Donald L. Suarez, Laosheng Wu, Rui Li, Mary Lu Arpaia, and Peggy Mauk

– ions, resulting in different salt tolerances. Oster and Arpaia (1992) showed that the tolerance level of the avocado scion is dependent on the rootstock used. Normally, plant injury occurs first at the leaf tips (which is common for Cl toxicity) and

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Eric A. Curry

potential for accidental overdosing. During the course of examining numerous fruit maladies and symptom scenarios, the question often arises whether there is peel injury as a result of sodium hypochlorite treatment, especially on cultivars with little or no

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Michele R. Warmund, David H. Trinklein, Mark R. Ellersieck, and Reid J. Smeda

and dicamba, were created to decrease their volatility in the environment ( Sosnoskie et al., 2015 ). The diglycolamine salt of dicamba and choline salt of 2,4-D choline are two formulations that have been used on genetically modified soybeans and