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Lu Zhang, Xiuming Hao, Yonggeng Li, and Gaoming Jiang

is conditioned (such as heating) to provide a suitable growing environment for the crop to allow for off-season production, or stable, year-round production of a high-quality product ( Bot, 2001 ). However, greenhouse crop production, especially in

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Patrick H. Kingston, Carolyn F. Scagel, David R. Bryla, and Bernadine C. Strik

) and arranged in a randomized complete block design on two adjacent wire benches. Each bench was illuminated with two 1000-W high-pressure sodium lamps from 0700 to 2100 hr . A thermostat was set to cool the glasshouse at temperatures >27 °C and to

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Takafumi Kinoshita and Masaharu Masuda

same fruit production with high nutrient use efficiency by suppressing luxury nutrient uptake compared with LF application ( Kinoshita and Masuda, 2011a ). In our study, CRF was supplied by mixing fertilizer with substrate in the usual way. However

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Mary Jo Kelly, Marvin P. Pritts, and Robin R. Bellinder

these are simply refined versions of traditional equipment, while others are novel high-tech tools. Each has their advantages and disadvantages ( Table 1 ), and all have been used with varying degrees of success ( Table 2 ). Our objective was to examine

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Xiaotao Ding, Liyao Yu, Yuping Jiang, Shaojun Yang, Lizhong He, Qiang Zhou, Jizhu Yu, and Danfeng Huang

irrigated by drip fertigation. Plants were pruned to a single stem, and one flower was kept at each node from the sixth node onward. The stem density was 2.8 stems/m 2 and the plants grew using a high-wire growing system. The management of the irrigation

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Xiaonan Shi, Ricardo Hernández, and Mark Hoffmann

daughter plants should be between 2–5 mm for subsequent high vigor of transplants. Xu and Hérnandez (2020) used crown diameter to classify ‘Albion’ daughter plants produced under different light intensities. While crown diameter is commonly used as an

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S.M. Scheiber, Richard C. Beeson Jr, and Sudeep Vyapari

microswitches (model LTA-12, Irrometer Company, Inc., Riverside, CA) wired in series with the electric water valve. One tensiometer was installed in each lysimeter between southeastern and southwestern plants, equidistance (15 cm) from the transplanted plants

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Madeline W. Olberg and Roberto G. Lopez

are therefore continually seeking ways to produce high-quality bedding plants through late winter and early spring with reduced energy inputs for heating, by installing thermal energy curtains, purchasing more efficient heaters or boilers, increasing

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Ryo Matsuda, Chieri Kubota, M. Lucrecia Alvarez, and Guy A. Cardineau

with a high-wire system in an acrylic greenhouse (BSL-2) in Tucson, AZ, as described in detail in Matsuda et al. (2009) . The seed ( T 2 ) was sown on 15 Aug. 2007 and was transplanted onto a rockwool slab on 20 Sept. 2007. Mean, maximum, and minimum

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Jeb S. Fields, William C. Fonteno, and Brian E. Jackson

environment. Appropriate wettability also improves water-holding capacity, which has been shown to increase plant growth ( Plaut et al., 1973 ). Horticultural substrates often have wettability issues resulting from the nature and high volume of organic matter