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Makhan S. Bhullar, Simerjeet Kaur, Tarundeep Kaur, and Amit J. Jhala

environments ( Blouin et al., 2011 ). Data of visual control estimates and weed density were arcsine square root transformed before analysis; however, nontransformed means are presented with mean separation based on transformed values. Where the ANOVA indicated

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Elisha O. Gogo, Mwanarusi Saidi, Francis M. Itulya, Thibaud Martin, and Mathieu Ngouajio

). Whether started directly or by transplants, optimum growth and quality of tomato is dependent on the environment. As a result, researchers have modified the environment to favor the growth of the plant ( Caliman et al., 2010 ; Weerakkody, 1998 ). Tomato

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Tina Waliczek, Amy McFarland, and Megan Holmes

environmental locus of control section of the survey included eight questions. Examples of survey questions included “it does not matter if people change part of the environment to meet their needs,” “if I turn off lights that are not being used, I can help

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Allen V. Barker and Randall G. Prostak

) and mechanical treatments, such as burning, steaming, or mulching ( Barker and Prostak, 2008 ; Young, 2002 , 2004 ). One chemical alternative is to use herbicides that have little effect on the environment after weeds are killed or controlled

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Jialin Yu, Nathan S. Boyd, and Peter J. Dittmar

. Because of its small stature, shallow root system, and thin canopy, cabbage seedlings are poor competitors with weeds. Therefore, controlling weeds early in the season is particularly important to maintain crop vigor and yield ( Miller and Hopen, 1991

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Steven A. Fennimore, Milton J. Haar, Rachael E. Goodhue, and Christopher Q. Winterbottom

.2 billion, accounting for 79% of the total U.S. gross sales ( National Agricultural Statistics Service, 2007 ). California nurseries produce more than a billion strawberry runner plants annually with a total value of ≈$60 million ( California Strawberry

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Bruk E. Belayneh, John D. Lea-Cox, and Erik Lichtenberg

technology in a commercial pot-in-pot nursery production environment and 2) to provide a basic cost–benefit analysis for the sensor network installed in this nursery. Specifically, we tested the reliability and precision of a new control node (nR5; Decagon

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Pheonah Nabukalu and Carrie A. Knott

control (watered every 3 d) had the greatest survival, 100%, while the beach site, Holly Beach, had the least survival, 47% ( Table 1 ). In the greenhouse environment, sea oats seedling survival was least for seedlings constantly flooded at 10 cm (10S) and

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Fumiomi Takeda and Penelope Perkins-Veazie

Mediterranean region lead in protected environment agriculture. In the United States, interest in high tunnels has surged since 1990. Today, crops are grown under high tunnels in 45 states and high tunnel research and demonstration projects have been established

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preemergence herbicides improve weed control in spring zucchini production Vegetable growers have been reluctant to use no-tillage practices due to the lack of sufficient weed control. There are few herbicides available to control broadleaved weeds in most