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Krishna S. Nemali and Marc W van Iersel

higher plants in response to diurnal changes in incident sunlight Planta 186 390 398 Araus, J.L. Slafer, G.A. Reynolds, M.P. Royo, C. 2002 Plant breeding and drought in C 3 cereals: What should we

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Yang Hu, Chao Gao, Quanen Deng, Jie Qiu, Hongli Wei, Lu Yang, Jiajun Xie, and Desheng Liao

popularizing elite cultivars of C. oleifera are the main methods used to increase the production of C. oleifera . In the agricultural field, the use of male sterile materials in hybrid breeding to cultivate elite cultivars with heterosis has contributed

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Nan Tang, Wuhua Zhang, Liwen Chen, Yan Wang, and Daocheng Tang

but abortive stamens, thus making them convenient for pollination ( Sreekala and Raghava, 2003 ). Male sterility provides an alternative approach for plant breeders ( Ai et al., 2015 ; Liu et al., 2015 ). Compared with other cross-breeding methods

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Ali Loker and Sam E. Wortman

carrot ( Daucus carota ) varieties across dozens of on-farm locations in several states within their breeding network for organic vegetables. The adaptability analysis was used to identify broadly adapted varieties (those that perform well in most

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Allison D. Oakes, Tyler Desmarais, William A. Powell, and Charles A. Maynard

black walnut to sudden oak death in California, rapid response is crucial. Many species may not have 100 years for a resistance breeding program to bear fruit, and genetic engineering can only offer a solution if trees can make it from the laboratory

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Paolo Benincasa, Marcello Guiducci, and Francesco Tei

) ( Burns, 2006 ). Present efforts of breeding, screening programs, or both for improving the NUE of cultivars (e.g., through improved initial root growth rate, maximum root expansion, root/shoot DW, and N partitioning) at either limiting or nonlimiting N

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Samuel E. Wortman, Michael S. Douglass, and Jeffrey D. Kindhart

.F. Ban, T. Matsubara, H. Adachi, F. Asao, T. 2013 Growing carrots hydroponically using perlite substrates Sci. Hort. 159 113 121 Atkin, K. Nichols, M.A. 2004 Organic hydroponics Acta Hort. 648 121 127 Burlakoti, R.R. Zandstra, J. Jackson, K. 2013

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Ruigang Wu, Yi Wang, Ting Wu, Xuefeng Xu, and Zhenhai Han

. Because apple trees are highly heterozygous and genetically self-incompatible or incompatible with closely related cultivars, they are difficult to modify by conventional breeding techniques; however, with the accomplishment of a high-quality draft genome

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, TX 77843-2133; 2 Pecan Genetics and Breeding Program, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 10200 FM50, Somerville, TX 77879 An assessment of leaf physiological traits of pecan provenances growing in Sommerville, Texas

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Shiva Ram Bhandari, Bo-Deul Jung, Hum-Young Baek, and Young-Sang Lee

than in other vegetables such as lady finger (12.8 mg·kg −1 ), pumpkin (12.7 mg·kg −1 ), and carrot (29.9 mg·kg −1 ) ( Ching and Mohamed, 2001 ). In all of the tested cultivars, total vitamin E content increased significantly as the pepper fruit ripened