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Marie Pairon, Anne-Laure Jacquemart, and Daniel Potter

of their high level of polymorphism and their codominant inheritance ( Powell et al., 1996 ). Analyses of polymorphic markers such as microsatellites, however, are hindered in allopolyploid species because of the presence of more than two alleles at

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Hatsuhiko Okada, Yoshitaka Ohashi, Mamoru Sato, Hideyuki Matsuno, Toshiya Yamamoto, Hoytaek Kim, Tatsuro Tukuni, and Sadao Komori

were to confirm the ploidy level of the androgenic genotypes by flow cytometry; to confirm the zygosity state of the androgenic genotypes by SSR markers; to analyze S -alleles of the androgenic genotypes by the specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR

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Fuad Gasi, Silvio Simon, Naris Pojskic, Mirsad Kurtovic, Ivan Pejic, Mekjell Meland, and Clive Kaiser

, international reference cultivars, and traditional B&H reference cultivars. Population genetics software SPAGeDI 1.2 ( Hardy and Vekemans, 2002 ) was used for calculating allele frequencies, gene diversity ( Nei, 1978 ), and F statistics ( Weir and Cockerham

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Amnon Levi, Karen R. Harris-Shultz, and Kai-shu Ling

for the recessive eukaryotic elongation factor eIF4E allele associated with ZYMV resistance identified from Plant Introduction (PI) 595203 by Ling et al. (2009) and Harris et al. (2009) . This breeding line was developed at the U.S. Vegetable

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Nina R.F. Castillo, Barbara M. Reed, Julie Graham, Felicidad Fernández-Fernández, and Nahla Victor Bassil

) were not in HWE ( P ≤ 0.05; Table 3 ), an indication of the presence of null alleles. F ranged from −1.65 to 0.49 with a mean of 0.17. A high F value, which allows the identification of putative null alleles, was observed at RhM023. The presence

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Hsiang-I Lee and Michael J. Havey

) cytoplasm with the homozygous recessive genotype at one nuclear male fertility restoration locus ( Ms ) ( Jones and Clarke, 1943 ). Breeders work to eliminate the dominant allele at Ms from populations to ensure stable expression of male sterility and

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Jason D. Zurn, Katie A. Carter, Melinda H. Yin, Margaret Worthington, John R. Clark, Chad E. Finn, and Nahla Bassil

addition to occasional aneuploids ( Meng and Finn, 2002 ; Thompson, 1995 ). The identification of cultivars and validation of pedigree is an important aspect of blackberry breeding and maintaining a germplasm collection as cultivars are clonally propagated

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Kirk W. Pomper, Jeremiah D. Lowe, Li Lu, Sheri B. Crabtree, Shandeep Dutta, Kyle Schneider, and James Tidwell

, NJ). All samples were stored at −80 °C until needed. Microsatellite-enriched libraries and primer design. Genetic Identification Services (GIS; Chatsworth, CA) constructed pawpaw genomic libraries from DNA extracted from the cultivar PA

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Claudio Cantini, Antonio Cimato, Antonella Autino, Alessandro Redi, and Mauro Cresti

United Nations on published sources revealed the presence of more than 1200 cultivars worldwide, 476 of which are present in Italy with 1599 synonyms ( Bartolini et al., 1998 ). Presently, correct identification of the olive accessions maintained in the

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Maria G. Emmanouilidou, Marios C. Kyriacou, and Isabel Trujillo

, and 043 ( Cipriani et al., 2002 ) ( Table 4 ). All of them have been described as very efficient for olive cultivar identification studies ( Baldoni et al., 2009 ; Trujillo et al., 2014 ). Differences of 1 bp between alleles were checked by