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Fan Li, Guoxian Wang, Rongpei Yu, Min Wu, Qinli Shan, Lifang Wu, Jiwei Ruan, and Chunmei Yang

of Gypsophila paniculata , specific techniques such as artificial lighting and heating are used to provide optimal light and temperature conditions. Although the light can be replaced by an LED source, artificial heating is energy-consuming during

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Haiying Zhang, Guoyi Gong, Shaogui Guo, Yi Ren, Yong Xu, and Kai-Shu Ling

-free greenhouse with temperature at 15 to 25 °C and natural lighting period of 14 to 16 h for proper seedling germination. Two layers of plastic film were placed on a flat ground to form a flat seed bed to prevent unnecessary root growing into and absorbing

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Michael A. Arnold

Organization and Policy Sci. and Tech. Committee, 2010 ) science roadmap, we find that they have identified seven grand challenges: 1) “enhancing the sustainability, competiveness, and profitability of U.S. food and agricultural systems,” 2) “adapt to and

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Zejin Zhang, Dongxian He, Genhua Niu, and Rongfu Gao

the ability to adapt to extreme environments such as drought, high temperature, and salt stress ( Osmond, 1978 ; Rascher et al., 1998 ; Winter and Holtum, 2007 ). Leaf succulence of Aeonium plants is correlated with CO 2 assimilation patterns

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Lisa A. Beirn, William A. Meyer, Bruce B. Clarke, and Jo Anne Crouch

identical spores that can then be used for advanced molecular analyses or to screen germplasm. A similar procedure has been effectively adapted to other grass systems, such as in Italian ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum Lam.), where inoculations of the crown

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Diana Niñirola, Juan A. Fernández, Encarnación Conesa, Juan A. Martínez, and Catalina Egea-Gilabert

; Syed Alwi et al., 2010 ). Watercress grows wild in streams, ponds, and reservoirs. Taking advantage of the fact that it is a semiaquatic plant, watercress can be grown in hydroponic cultivation. Among such hydroponic methods, the floating system is one

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Scott Henderson, David Gholami, and Youbin Zheng

. This kind of system initiates irrigation at a user-identified substrate VWC(s) ( Belayneh et al., 2013 ; Chappell et al., 2013 ). Soil moisture sensor-based systems are promising; however, there is not enough information on how many sensors are

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Layla J. Dunlap, Jeremiah R. Pinto, and Anthony S. Davis

fertilizer use because of the closed-loop nature of the system ( Landis and Wilkinson, 2004 ). Despite growing interest in subirrigation system use for native plant production, little guidance exists regarding how to adapt fertilization practices to this

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Michael J. Havey and Sunggil Kim

be explained if there were numerous CMS systems in onion, in addition to the genetically characterized S and T cytoplasms. Given the uncertainties with regards to the diversity of onion CMS systems and the genetics of nuclear male

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Suzanne O’Connell

heat and light stress on the high tunnel lettuce crop (e.g., shadecloth, mist system, etc.) were required for greater success in their area ( Zhao and Carey, 2009 ). Lastly, an experiment in Georgia concluded that the production of romaine and