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Marisa M. Wall

fruit softening occurred at 500 to 1000 Gy doses ( Eric et al., 1970 ; Thomas et al., 1971 ). Table 2. Firmness, peel color, and peel injury of winter-harvested Dwarf Brazilian bananas after irradiation treatments, storage at 14 °C for 7 d, and

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Fumiomi Takeda, Gerard Krewer, Changying Li, Daniel MacLean, and James W. Olmstead

machine harvested at least once per season for the fresh market. In approaching the first constraint of damaging fruit, research has shown that softening in machine-harvested fruit can be reduced if the drop height can be maintained at less than 24 inches

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Francisco E. Loayza, Michael T. Masarirambi, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Steven A. Sargent, and Charles A. Sims

., 1993 ; Picton and Grierson, 1988 ), delayed softening ( Mitcham and McDonald, 1992 ; Mohammed et al., 1996 ), perturbed respiration rate ( Cheng et al., 1988 ; Inaba and Chachin, 1989 ), and suppression of ethylene production ( Atta-Aly, 1992

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Anna Marín, Elizabeth A. Baldwin, Jinhe Bai, David Wood, Christopher Ference, Xiuxiu Sun, Jeffrey K. Brecht, and Anne Plotto

( Brecht et al., 2017 ). The process of wounding whole fruit tissue to obtain fresh-cut fruit stimulates the development of undesirable color changes, due to enzymatic browning, and tissue softening. It also provides a substrate for microbial growth

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Eunkyung Lee, Steven A. Sargent, and Donald J. Huber

. Firmness. Roma-type tomato softened during ripening at 20 °C. Initial pericarp firmness at breaker, pink, and light-red ripeness stages averaged 14.0, 9.5, and 6.8 N, respectively ( Fig. 3 ). Impact-free fruit at breaker stage maintained initial firmness

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Adrian D. Berry, Steven A. Sargent, Marcio Eduardo Canto Pereira, and Donald J. Huber

.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) avocado grade standards that limit appearance defects to 10% of the fruit surface ( USDA, 1957 ). Percent marketable fruit were calculated from the number of fruit that softened to full-ripe stage (≤15 N) with a Jenkins

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Ting-Ting Li, Zhi-Rong Li, Kang-Di Hu, Lan-Ying Hu, Xiao-Yan Chen, Yan-Hong Li, Ying Yang, Feng Yang, and Hua Zhang

concerned about its appearance and textual quality. As a typical climacteric fruit, kiwifruit postharvest ripening and senescence are very sensitive to ethylene, and even extremely low concentrations (0.1 μL·L −1 ) can stimulate fruit ripening and softening

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Thanidchaya Puthmee, Kenji Takahashi, Midori Sugawara, Rieko Kawamata, Yoshie Motomura, Takashi Nishizawa, Toshiyuki Aikawa, and Wilawan Kumpoun

physiologically specific characteristics, i.e., faster fruit growth, high climacteric ethylene production, development of an abscission layer at the peduncle, and rapid fruit softening during storage, resulting in its short shelf life ( Nishizawa et al., 2009

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Ming-Wei S. Kao, Jeffrey K. Brecht, and Jeffrey G. Williamson

&M University (TAMU) Stone Fruit Breeding Program ( Department of Horticultural Sciences, TAMU, 2019 ). The NMF ‘Gulfking’ fruit were highly covered with red blush, having the highest percent peel blush in both years ( Tables 1 and 2 ). The fruit softening

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Xiuli Shen and Myeong-Je Cho

some species ( Kucera et al., 2005 ). Studies with certain Pinus species supported this claim ( Kumar et al., 2014 ; Lavania et al., 2006 ; Zhao and Jiang, 2014 ). Chemical scarification is often used to soften hard seedcoat or to rupture seedcoat