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Xiaoming Wang, Jianjun Chen, Huijie Zeng, Zhongquan Qiao, Yongxin Li, Neng Cai, and Xiangying Wang

January and 29.0 °C in July. Average annual precipitation is 1331 mm and a maximum photosynthetic photon flux density of 2000 mmol·m −2 ·s –1 . The experiment was a completely randomized design with 10 replications. Branch and flower panicle lengths and

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Milorad Vujičić, Aneta Sabovljević, Jasmina Šinžar-Sekulić, Marijana Skorić, and Marko Sabovljević

media. Cultures were grown at 25 ± 2 °C under a 16-h photoperiod at 47 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 photosynthetic photon flux density (provided by cool-white fluorescent tubes). Data observations. For each treatment, shoot explants were cultured in 90-mm petri

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Xiaoming Wang, Jianjun Chen, Yongxin Li, Huijie Zeng, Neng Cai, and Zhongquan Qiao

cultivar, Jincuilei, that were also graft-propagated at the same time as ‘Huayao-Wanshou’. The trial site is 1320 m above sea level and has an annual rainfall of 1293 mm, an annual mean temperature of 16.9 °C, and a maximum photosynthetic photon flux

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substrate becomes more important as slope increases. AUTOMATIC SYSTEM TO CONTROL PHOTOSYNTHETIC PHOTON FLUX DENSITY ( PPFD ) FOR LOW-LIGHT-IRRADIATION STORAGE Low-light-irradiation (LLI) with a light intensity at which the carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) exchange

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David J. Norman and Jianjun Chen

and 35 °C and maximum photosynthetic photon flux density of 475 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 with a natural photoperiod. Plants were allowed to become established for 1 month before TiO 2 application. Sixty plants of each genus were randomly selected from the 150

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Fan Li, Shenchong Li, and Qinli Shan

under the condition of 12 h photoperiod (photosynthetic photon flux density was 240 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 ) and 55% relative humidity in the laboratory of Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The growth chamber (LRH-400-GSI, 400 L; Zhujiang, China) was

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Joshua K. Craver, Krishna S. Nemali, and Roberto G. Lopez

shelves (123 cm long and 61 cm wide) 40 cm above the crop canopy. Radiation intensity treatments consisted of two levels, 150 and 300 µmol·m −2 ·s –1 [average photosynthetic photon flux density ( PPFD ); 400–700 nm], achieved using dimming units. Thus, a

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Noriko Ohtake, Masaharu Ishikura, Hiroshi Suzuki, Wataru Yamori, and Eiji Goto

the seedlings were grown at 23 °C under a photosynthetic photon flux density ( PPFD ) of 120 µmol·m −2 ·s –1 provided by cool white fluorescent lamps (FHF32-EX-N-H; Panasonic Co., Ltd., Japan). At 10 d after sowing (DAS), the seedlings were

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Margarita Pérez-Jiménez, Almudena Bayo-Canha, Gregorio López-Ortega, and Francisco M. del Amor

relative humidity Acta Hort. 616 139 142 Morini, S. Melai, M. 2005 Net CO 2 exchange rate of in vitro plum cultures during growth evolution at different photosynthetic photon flux density Sci. Hort. 105 197 211 Morison, J.I.L. 1993 Response of plants to CO

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Alexandra García-Castro, Astrid Volder, Hermann Restrepo-Diaz, Terri W. Starman, and Leonardo Lombardini

photosynthetic photon flux density ( PPFD ) of 395.3 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 , and 51.5% ± 2.9% relative humidity. At the beginning of October, 8-month-old, container-grown P. incarnata plants were purchased from a local wholesale nursery. Plants were planted in pairs