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Kimberly A. Cochran and Craig S. Rothrock

The use of brassica crop residues and seed meal to manage soilborne disease has gained interest as an alternative control strategy to traditional soil fumigants. Brassica soil amendments have been found to be effective in reducing soilborne pathogen

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Matthew J. Leavitt, Craig C. Sheaffer, Donald L. Wyse, and Deborah L. Allan

organic potting mix ≈3 weeks before planting. Immediately after rolling the mulch, the transplants were manually planted by hand-digging, inserting the plant into the cover crop residue, and then replacing the mulch. The transplants were manually watered

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Zheng Wang, Mark Williams, Krista Jacobsen, and Timothy Coolong

, when used in vegetable crops, often relies on fall-planted cover crops in lieu of crop residues to provide soil coverage and prevent erosion during winter ( Carrera et al., 2007 ). These cover crops, when killed the following spring, provide organic

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Matthew D. Stevens, Brent L. Black, John D. Lea-Cox, Ali M. Sadeghi, Jennifer Harman-Fetcho, Emy Pfeil, Peter Downey, Randy Rowland, and Cathleen J. Hapeman

crimson clover ( Trifolium incarnatum ). Three weeks before strawberry planting, glyphosate (Roundup Original; Monsanto, St. Louis, MO) was applied to the cover crop. A week later, the cover crop residue was mowed down creating a vegetative residue layer

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Laura L. Van Eerd

accumulated in the above-ground portion of plants grown in the 0 kg N/ha treatment. Plant N content in above-ground plant vegetative and reproductive tissues were presented as crop residue (i.e., N remaining in the field) and crop removal (i.e., N removed from

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Neil S. Mattson and Marc W. van Iersel

manures or crop residues) can reduce nutrient losses because a portion of the nutrients contained is stabilized and is released over time through mineralization. However, the release rate of nutrients from organic sources depends on environmental and soil

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Chenping Xu and Beiquan Mou

, including municipal solid waste, cattle or poultry manure, crop residues, and mixture of manure and crop residues. The compost was produced by a range of different groups. Also compost effects were altered by soil types ( Zhang et al., 2014 ). Hence, any

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Jeffrey R. Pieper, Rebecca Nelson Brown, and José A. Amador

of damage and disease, but there are no specific requirements for size or shape. Treatments Strip tillage. In October, crop residues were incorporated by disking and rye was seeded; the seeding rate was 123 kg·ha −1 in 2010 and 184 kg·ha −1 in 2011

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C. Campillo, M.H. Prieto, C. Daza, M.J. Moñino, and M.I. García

estimating crop residue cover Soil Use and Management. 7 177 182 Morgan, J.A. Brown, R.H. 1983 Photosynthesis and growth of bermudagrass swards. I. Carbon dioxide exchange characteristics of swards mowed at weekly and

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Roland Ebel

, crop residues, kitchen waste, ash, charcoal, and, occasionally, human excrement. The use of crop residues as mulching materials suppresses weeds ( Renard et al., 2012 ; Torres et al., 2000 ). Traditional chinampas are characterized by a high degree of