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Svoboda V. Pennisi and Marc W. van Iersel

photosynthesis at either extreme ( Larcher, 2003 ). This behavior has been documented in sun plants such as Musa ( Israeli et al., 1995 ) and Pisum sativum L. ( Akhter et al., 2009 ) and shade-obligate Dracaena sanderana hort Sander ex. Mast. ( Vladimirova

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Ryan N. Contreras, John M. Ruter, and Wayne W. Hanna

comparing the MRF of each sample with the 2C peak of diploids and an internal standard of known genome size. Pisum sativum L. ‘Ctirad’, with a genome size of 8.76 pg ( Greilhuber et al., 2007 ), was used as an internal standard to calculate nuclear DNA

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Yeh-Jin Ahn and Na-Hyun Song

), PsHsp18.1 ( Pisum sativum ; M33899), MsHsp18.2 ( Medicago sativa ; X58711), MtHsp20 ( Medicago truncatula ; AC149642), NtHsp17.8 ( Nicotiana tabacum ; HQ014606), GmHsp17.6 ( Glycine max ; M11317), CpHsp17.5 ( Carica papaya ; AY387588), LeHsp17

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Justin A. Schulze and Ryan N. Contreras

were not counted. Ploidy analysis. A flow cytometer (CyFlow Ploidy Analyzer; Partec, Münster, Germany) was used to screen all the surviving seedlings. Pisum sativum ‘Ctirad’ (2C = 8.76 pg) was used as an internal standard for genome size estimation of

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Li-Xiao Yao, Yong-Rui He, Hai-Fang Fan, Lan-Zhen Xu, Tian-Gang Lei, Xiu-Ping Zou, Ai-Hong Peng, Qiang Li, and Shan-Chun Chen

( Gross et al., 2003 ), Pisum sativum ( Waters et al., 2002 ), and Solanum lycopersicum ( Kong et al., 2013 ; Li et al., 2004 ). Eight FRO s have been described in the genome of A. thaliana and shown to exhibit tissue-specific expression

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Tao Wu and Jiashu Cao

Galston (1967) compared the heterogeneity of the peroxidases between tall and dwarf cultivars in peas ( Pisum sativum L.) and reported that each organ had a characteristic isozyme pattern and that the band patterns in the corresponding organs from

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Ryan N. Contreras, Thomas G. Ranney, and Shyamalrau P. Tallury

comparing mean relative fluorescence of each sample with the 2C peak of diploids and an internal standard of known genome size. Pisum sativum L. ‘Ctirad’ with a genome size of 9.09 pg ( Bennett and Smith, 1976 ; Doležel et al., 1998 ) was used as an

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Ryan N. Contreras, John M. Ruter, and Brian M. Schwartz

. These samples were analyzed individually using an internal standard [( Pisum sativum L. ‘Ctirad’; 2C = 8.76 pg) ( Greilhuber et al., 2007 )]. The internal standard was used to calculate the 1C DNA content of the diploid [1C DNA (pg) = (MRF sample

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Wei-Ling Guo, Yao-Chien Alex Chang, and Chien-Yuan Kao

, 1989 ), and its relationship to the mitotic activity of meristematic cells underneath was described in Zea mays and Pisum sativum ( Barlow and Hines, 1982 ). Histological observations also reveal that the constricted vascular strands in normal root

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Kimberly Shearer and Thomas G. Ranney

, and Pisum sativum ‘Ctirad’ as an internal standard. This study provides new and pertinent information on genome sizes and ploidy levels for species, cultivars, and hybrids of dogwoods. Additionally, it was found that genome size data can be an