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James D. Oster, D.E. Stottlmyer, and M.L. Arpaia

, averaging ≈2 dS·m −1 , considering the different experimental conditions under which they were obtained. An ECe of ≈2 dS·m −1 could be a salinity level that limits water uptake ( Bernstein and Francois, 1973 ) by Mexican seedling rootstocks. If this is

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Catherine S. Fleming, Mark S. Reiter, Joshua H. Freeman, and Rory Maguire

multiplied by fruit biomass to determine total aboveground N uptake in the fruit. Fruit were assumed to contain 94% water ( Angelini and Magnifico, 2010 ). Therefore, total yield was multiplied by 6% to determine fruit biomass. Plant and fruit N

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Takafumi Kinoshita and Masaharu Masuda

uptake is comparatively high. Conclusion Efficient nitrification of the fertilizer from NH 4 -N to NO 3 -N is possible by combining the addition of bark compost (for the nest of nitrifying bacteria) and aeration of the water (to improve oxygen supply

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Yun Kong and Youbin Zheng

different NaCl concentrations. Sodium uptake. At final harvest, significant decreases were observed in sodium uptake and water consumption by plants when solution concentrations of NaCl decreased from 200 to 6 to 10 m m ( Table 3 ). Plants exposed to 6 to

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Stefanie Peschel and Moritz Knoche

Rain-induced cracking is an important limitation in sweet cherry production worldwide ( Christensen, 1996 ). Cracking susceptibility differs among cultivars. Cracking is thought to be related to water uptake into the fruit, but the mechanistic basis

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Martin Brüggenwirth and Moritz Knoche

the mechanistic basis of differential cracking susceptibility among cultivars is not clear. From the coincidence of rainfall and fruit cracking, it is inferred that cracking is related to water uptake into the fruit. Water uptake, in turn, leads to an

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Timothy K. Hartz and Thomas G. Bottoms

( MacCarthy et al., 1990 ). HS can be characterized as humic acid, fulvic acid, and humin on the basis of solubility in water as a function of pH ( Varanini and Pinton, 1995 ). The reported effects of HS on soil physiochemical properties include stabilization

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Tyler C. Hoskins, James S. Owen Jr., and Alex X. Niemiera

WAT, roots had grown to a sub-surface depth 8.89 cm ( Table 3 ). Consequently, most of the plant-water uptake occurred above this 8.89-cm root depth, leading to a concentrated dry region in the upper substrate profile and a steeper observed moisture

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Nadia A. Valverdi and Lee Kalcsits

addressed in a semiarid environment. Here, the objective was to determine how different rootstocks and water limitations affect nutrient uptake and partitioning for ‘Honeycrisp’ apple grown in field conditions in an irrigated, semiarid climate. Additionally

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Martin Brüggenwirth and Moritz Knoche

uptake by the fruit. Thus, any net water uptake necessarily increases fruit volume and subjects the skin to additional strain ( Considine and Brown, 1981 ). If the limit of extensibility of the fruit skin is exceeded, the fruit cracks. On the basis of