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T.K. Broschat, D.R. Sandrock, M.L. Elliott, and E.F. Gilman

nutritional deficiencies in most plants merely reduce growth rate, yield, or visual quality, deficiencies of K, manganese (Mn), and boron (B) can be fatal in palms ( Elliott et al., 2004 ), which are monocots possessing a single shoot meristem ( Tomlinson

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Stephen E. McCann and Bingru Huang

. Decline in turf quality caused by drought stress is a major concern in turfgrass culture. Therefore, developing management practices for improving drought resistance of turfgrasses has become imperative in arid and semiarid regions, especially during

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Sheng Wang, Qi Zhang, and Eric Watkins

2008 for improved winter-hardiness and crown rust resistance. Other cultivars and selections were identified based on their performance (i.e., acceptable quality under low-maintenance management) in turfgrass trials in Minnesota and/or North Dakota

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Y.L. Qian, J.M. Fu, S.J. Wilhelm, D. Christensen, and A.J. Koski

salinity problems in many urbanized areas of the western United States ( Carrow and Duncan, 1998 ; Qian and Mecham, 2005 ). Turfgrass managers are struggling to produce quality turf on sites with high salinity and irrigated with marginal-quality water

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Yan Xu and Bingru Huang

), trinexapac-ethyl (TE; Syngenta Crop Protection, Greensboro, NC), has been widely used in turfgrass management for clipping reduction, seedhead suppression of annual bluegrass ( Poa annua L.), and improvement of overall turf quality in various turfgrass

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Daniel Hargey, Benjamin Wherley, Andrew Malis, James Thomas, and Ambika Chandra

United States for home lawns because of its good drought resistance ( Duble, 2013 ; Siefers and Beard, 1999 ). Steinke et al. (2010) reported that ‘Floratam’ exhibited significantly delayed leaf firing as well as superior turfgrass quality and green

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Emily B. Merewitz and Sha Liu

Creeping bentgrass is a cool-season turfgrass species grown on golf course putting greens, fairways, and tees and is prized for its functionality and overall durability ( Turgeon, 2004 ). The species is sensitive to some abiotic and biotic stresses

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Kehua Wang and Yiwei Jiang

depending on the plant species. Waterlogging stress and soil saturation happen in turfgrass as a result of high precipitation, poor soil quality, or overirrigation followed by slow drainage. The reduced soil oxygen availability under waterlogging decreased

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Marco Schiavon, Brent D. Barnes, David A. Shaw, J. Michael Henry, and James H. Baird

; Kollenkark and Daniel, 1978 ; Marshall and Naylor, 1984 ). However, some studies reported a significant loss in turfgrass quality during the transition period from perennial ryegrass to bermudagrass when glyphosate was applied before seeding ( Jellicorse et

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Thomas A. Obreza and Jerry B. Sartain

Saha, S.K. Trenholm, L.E. Unruh, J.B. 2007 Effect of fertilizer source on nitrate leaching and st. augustinegrass turfgrass quality HortScience 42 1478 1481 Sartain, J.B. 1992 Relative nitrogen leaching losses from selected slow-release nitrogen sources