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Alireza Pourreza, Won Suk Lee, Mark A. Ritenour, and Pamela Roberts

disease management. Computer vision–based sensors have been widely used for plant disease identification ( Pourreza et al., 2015 ; Qin et al., 2012 ; Sankaran et al., 2010 ). However, using vision sensors for CBS identification has not been thoroughly

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Giverson Mupambi, Nadia A. Valverdi, Hector Camargo-Alvarez, Michelle Reid, Lee Kalcsits, Tory Schmidt, Felipe Castillo, and Jonathan Toye

before harvest using a PAR sensor (Apogee Instruments, Logan, UT) in each treatment replicate at 1.5 m above the ground. Measurements were done as spot measurements at solar noon within the tree canopy and in the middle of the drive row. Measurements

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Tim R. Pannkuk

landscapes in Huntsville, TX. Shown is the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe system that is embedded in 2 inches (5.1 cm) of gravel for leachate evacuation, soil moisture sensors which measure volumetric water content of soil, and sensor cables routed to a nearby

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Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi, Geoffrey Matthew Weaver, Marc W. van Iersel, and Roberto Testezlaf

less fertilizer solution drains out of the containers following irrigation, fewer pathogens survive in the drier substrate, or partial saturation may provide plant root zone with more oxygen ( Gent and McAvoy, 2011 ). Sensor-based subirrigation control

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Peter Alem, Paul A. Thomas, and Marc W. van Iersel

systems such as those controlled by soil moisture sensors ( Kohanbash et al., 2013 ), there is a potential for successful use of controlled WD to control stem elongation. Such irrigation systems can maintain specific θ levels to impose a controlled WD. We

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Shawn T. Steed, Allison Bechtloff, Andrew Koeser, and Tom Yeager

(Smart Temp Sensor 12-bit, S-TMB-M006; Onset Computer Corp.) were used to measure substrate temperatures. Temperature probes were inserted at a depth of 4 inches below the substrate surface in the center of the container. The center containers were used

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Amanda Bayer, John Ruter, and Marc W. van Iersel

( Fare et al., 1994 ; Ruter, 1998 ). Other BMPs for irrigation management include grouping plants by water requirements and inspecting irrigation systems for uniformity ( Chappell et al., 2013a ). More recently, soil moisture sensor-automated irrigation

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Jinshi Cui, Myongkyoon Yang, Daesik Son, Seongmin Park, and Seong-In Cho

and Ahmadi, 2014 ; Tran et al., 2017 ). Objective methods such as the use of data loggers and environmental factor sensors for monitoring the handling of vegetables and fruits are available. Monitoring the damage that occurs during the handling

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Jongyun Kim, Marc W. van Iersel, and Stephanie E. Burnett

.S. growers use efficient irrigation systems such as drip irrigation (41%) or subirrigation (5%), overhead irrigation still prevails (63%) in greenhouse and nursery production of ornamental plants ( Hodges et al., 2008 ). Soil moisture sensor-based automated

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Toshio Shibuya, Akihito Sugimoto, Yoshiaki Kitaya, and Makoto Kiyota

resulting from high VPD. We developed a new technique to measure leaf conductance continuously based on weight of the plant community and absolute humidity near the leaf surface, which was measured with tiny humidity sensors. Materials and Methods Plant