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Yanhong Lou, Liang Chen, Qingguo Xu, and Xunzhong Zhang

on dry forage yield (correlation coefficient equals to 0.051). Knowledge of relationship among the morphological traits was the basic and most important for plant selection in a breeding program ( Hasan et al., 2013 ). Leaf roughness, poor

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Givago Coutinho, Rafael Pio, Filipe Bittencourt Machado de Souza, Daniela da Hora Farias, Adriano Teodoro Bruzi, and Paulo Henrique Sales Guimarães

the tropics is crucial to maintain productivity ( Manica-Berto et al., 2013 ). In addition, the selection of cultivars should not be based on a single factor, because cultivars with economic potential have multiple traits of agronomic interest, such as

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Anna Underhill, Cory Hirsch, and Matthew Clark

; manually measuring this trait requires time-consuming work that often includes multiple cluster and rachis evaluations along with berry counts and weights. Evaluating cluster compactness visually is subjective, and the most commonly used scale is not suited

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William S. Castle and James C. Baldwin

orange scion selections. Approximately 100 seeds of each selection were germinated and seedlings grown for 1 year. Sweet oranges generally produce uniform seedling populations. The seeds have multiple embryos of which a high proportion is of nucellar

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Geoffrey Meru and Cecilia McGregor

similar chromosomal region as a QTL for SOP identified by Prothro et al. (2012a) , pointing to a potential role for seed size in SOP. The direct phenotypic selection for SOP and the indirect selection through correlated traits such as KP and seed size

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Dilip R. Panthee, Chunxue Cao, Spencer J. Debenport, Gustavo R. Rodríguez, Joanne A. Labate, Larry D. Robertson, Andrew P. Breksa III, Esther van der Knaap, and Brian B. McSpadden Gardener

quality in the marketplace. Recently, fruit quality has been the most important selection criterion for repeat buyers of tomato. Because of this, tomato breeders have placed significant efforts in improving tomato fruit quality traits, including lycopene

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Jack E. Staub and Isabelle Y. Delannay

providing novel populations for genetic analysis of complex traits ( Owens et al., 1985a , 1985b ). This breeding method, when used in conjunction with marker-assisted selection (MAS) for maximum genetic diversity, can provide an array of homozygous lines

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Dale T. Lindgren and Daniel M. Schaaf

species have been attempted ( Lindgren and Schaaf, 2007 ). New Penstemon selections are needed that combine valuable traits of multiple species and cultivars. Several nurseries have also expressed the desire to have a plant similar to Penstemon

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Jack E. Staub and Isabelle Y. Delannay

and “Energy-Saving greenhouse” in China; Staub et al., 2008 ) and, therefore, can be an important trait for plant improvement. The gynoecious IBL 5 exhibits high yield (approximately four fruit/pant), multiple lateral branching (≈13 branches), and

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Cari A. Schmitz, Matthew D. Clark, James J. Luby, James M. Bradeen, Yingzhu Guan, Katherine Evans, Benjamin Orcheski, Susan Brown, Sujeet Verma, and Cameron Peace

Fruit texture traits, significant to apple breeder decision-making yet unobservable until tree maturity, are ideal candidates for marker-assisted breeding (MAB) and marker-assisted selection (MAS). Marker-locus-trait associations, validated in