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Jennifer Tillman, Ajay Nair, Mark Gleason, and Jean Batzer

Current cucurbit production systems in the United States often rely on tillage and plastic film mulches to create favorable growing conditions of warm soils and minimal weed pressure around plants; however, there are environmental concerns about the

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Manjot Kaur Sidhu, Roberto G. Lopez, Sushila Chaudhari, and Debalina Saha

chemicals may vary according to different growth stages of common liverwort. Overview of nonchemical control of common liverwort Organic mulching. In general, top-dressing with organic mulches such as pine ( Pinus sp.) bark, pine straw, and hardwood mulch

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Haley Rylander, Anusuya Rangarajan, Ryan M. Maher, Mark G. Hutton, Nicholas W. Rowley, Margaret T. McGrath, and Zachary F. Sexton

. Farmers commonly use thin polyethylene mulch films during crop growth to reduce weed emergence, elevate soil temperatures (3 to 6 °C compared with uncovered soil), conserve soil moisture, and reduce nutrient leaching from rainfall ( Canul-Tun et al., 2017

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N. Mays, K.R. Brye, Curt R. Rom, M. Savin, and M.E. Garcia

in SOM when litter and clover treatments were combined. Merwin et al. (1994) observed applications of straw mulch resulted in the largest increase in SOM content, whereas living mulches and chemical orchard floor management resulted in similar or

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Kaitlyn M. Orde and Rebecca Grube Sideman

winter with straw mulch during Winter 2017–18, and with a single layer of 1.25-oz/yard 2 (42.328 g·m −2 ) rowcover (Typar Xavan T5131; Dupont, Wilmington, DE) during Winter 2018–19. Marketable yield values are for living plants only and are an average of

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Guangyao Wang, Mathieu Ngouajio, Milton E. McGiffen Jr, and Chad M. Hutchinson

.U. 2002 50th anniversary—Invited article: Cover crop and living mulches Weed Sci. 50 688 699 Hutchinson, C.M. McGiffen M.E. Jr 2000 Cowpea cover crop mulch for weed control in desert pepper production

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Judy Kay, Arantza A. Strader, Vickie Murphy, Lan Nghiem-Phu, Michael Calonje, and M. Patrick Griffith

public with unusual form, antiquity and association with dinosaurs. They are also useful for research and education in plant evolution, morphology, and conservation issues. For these reasons, living cycads are featured at public gardens and conservatories

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Amanda Skidmore, Neil Wilson, Mark Williams, and Ric Bessin

. Intl. Mtg. doi: 10.13031/aim.20152182687 Hartwig, N.L. Ammon, H.U. 2002 Cover crops and living mulches Weed Sci. 50 688 699 Hatfield, J.L. Boote, K.J. Kimball, B. Ziska, L. Izaurralde, R.C. Ort, D. Thomson, A.M. Wolfe, D. 2011 Climate impacts on

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Alan Zuk, Qi Zhang, Ted Helms, and Harlene Hatterman-Valenti

establishment during the first season. Straw mulch was not reapplied after the first application decayed. Wheat straw can inhibit the growth of weeds ( Bertholdsson, 2005 ; Hamdi et al., 2001 ; Nakano et al., 2006 ). However, no published evidence could be

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Jacob C. Domenghini

inches above the vegetation to ensure that all green, living weed tissue was covered on a spray-to-wet basis; vegetation was not sprayed to the point of runoff ( Ragan and Massey, Inc., 2019 ). No data were collected in the fall following treatment