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Ying-Chun Chen, Chen Chang, and Huey-Ling Lin

et al., 2015 ), or induce the expression of an auxin inhibitor gene to promote stem and root lengthening in grape ( Li et al., 2017 ). Red light also increased the activity of Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) in Dianthus caryophyllus ( Manivannan

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Antonios Petridis, Ioannis Therios, and Georgios Samouris

ammonia-lyase, polyphenol oxidase, and phenol concentration in fruits of Olea europaea L. cv. Picual, Verdial, Arbequina, and Frantoio during ripening J. Agr. Food Chem. 57 10331 10340 Owen, R.W. Giacosa, A. Hull, W.E. Haubner, R. Spiegelhalder, B

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Ki-Ho Son and Myung-Min Oh

). However, the activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), which is a key enzyme in the phenylpropanoid pathway, was stimulated by the irradiation of blue LED in a previous study ( Heo et al., 2012 ). Moreover, PAL gene expression was activated more by

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Hsing-Ying Chung, Ming-Yih Chang, Chia-Chyi Wu, and Wei Fang

R 87 :B 13 treatment, but it decreased the FW of lettuce. This result was consistent with the findings of the present study. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and chalcone synthase (CHS) are key enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway of anthocyanin

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Shutian Tao, Danyang Wang, Cong Jin, Wei Sun, Xing Liu, Shaoling Zhang, Fuyong Gao, and Shahrokh Khanizadeh

widely believed that C4H catalyzes the conversion of trans -cinnamic acid to hydroxycinnamic acid, which is derived from phenylalanine by the action of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and located in the second step of the phenylpropanoid pathway ( Hahlbrock

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Abu Shamim Mohammad Nahiyan and Yoh-ichi Matsubara

Development of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizae in crop plants Can. J. Bot. 51 2487 2493 Vanitha, S.C. Niranjana, S.R. Umesha, S. 2009 Role of phenylalanine ammonia lyase and polyphenol oxidase in host resistance to bacterial wilt of tomato J. Phytopathol. 157

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Shirin Shahkoomahally and Asghar Ramezanian

. Henehan, G. Barry-Ryan, C. 2007 Improvement in texture using calcium lactate and heat-shock treatments for stored ready-to-eat carrots J. Food Eng. 79 1196 1206 Roura, S. Pereyra, L. Del Valle, C. 2008 Phenylalanine ammonia lyase activity in fresh cut

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Malkeet S. Padda and David H. Picha

( Cisneros-Zevallos, 2003 ). The increase in total phenolic content in injured sweetpotato tissue at 10 °C was previously reported to be associated with increased phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and transcinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase activities ( Reyes et al., 2007

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Arnon Dag, Smadar Boim, Yulya Sobotin, and Isaac Zipori

. Hillis, W.E. 1959 The phenolic constituents of Prunus domestica J. Sci. Food Agr. 10 63 68 Tovar, M.J. Romero, M.P. Girona, J. Motilva, M.J. 2002 L-Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity and concentration of phenolics in developing olive ( Olea europaea L

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Pavlos Tsouvaltzis, Angelos Deltsidis, and Jeffrey K. Brecht

). Therefore, in contrast to products with low phenolic content for which inactivation of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) enzyme is the most effective way to minimize enzymatic browning ( Saltveit, 2000 ), for products that are rich in phenols such as fresh