) transplanting techniques that minimize desiccation ( Beard, 1973 ). Rapid root extension into the soil is essential to gain access to water and nutrients to support the establishment of the sod plants. Therefore, understanding the impact of various management
Thomas R. Sinclair, Andrew Schreffler, Benjamin Wherley, and Michael D. Dukes
Amy Fulcher, Juang-Horng (JC) Chong, Sarah A. White, Joseph C. Neal, Jean L. Williams-Woodward, Craig R. Adkins, S. Kristine Braman, Matthew R. Chappell, Jeffrey F. Derr, Winston C. Dunwell, Steven D. Frank, Stanton A. Gill, Frank A. Hale, William E. Klingeman, Anthony V. LeBude, Karen Rane, and Alan S. Windham
). Apps may soon become a standard business tool within agriculture as they have in other business sectors ( Bradley, 2010 ). Apps offer several advantages over traditional forms of delivering Cooperative Extension Service information ( Drill, 2012
Karl E. Foord, David C. Zlesak, Tom G. Bartholomay, and Mary H. Meyer
audience, mission, and method of financing the newsletter, different newsletter production and access models exist. Developed in 1999 and originally delivered by hard copies to garden centers for public distribution, the University of Minnesota Extension
Tatiana Borisova and Pilar Useche
implemented by regional and local agencies, Cooperative Extension Services, and other organizations to encourage more efficient irrigation water use and residential water conservation; however, limited information exists about the effectiveness of such
Amy Fulcher, Sarah A. White, Juang-Horng (JC) Chong, Joseph C. Neal, Jean L. Williams-Woodward, Craig R. Adkins, S. Kristine Braman, Matthew R. Chappell, Jeffrey F. Derr, Winston C. Dunwell, Steven D. Frank, Stanton A. Gill, Frank A. Hale, William E. Klingeman, Anthony V. LeBude, Karen Rane, and Alan S. Windham
As the use of smartphones by farmers increases ( Walter et al., 2011 ), apps are becoming a mainstream method for extension professionals to provide information to agriculture clientele. Many agricultural producers, Cooperative Extension Service
Robert F. Fletcher
The first source for information retrieval in county Extension offices should be a file to 1) provide direct answers from information in the microfiche file; or 2) provide names of reference publication where answers can be readily found in specific publications normally available in county Extension offices.
Dewayne L. Ingram
This symposium was sponsored primarily by the Commercial Horticulture Working Group in the Extension Division of ASHS. The International Horticultural Congress provides an excellent opportunity for horticulturists, especially horticultural educators, from around the world to exchange experiences and ideas. Extension in the context of this symposium refers to the transfer of technology or the linkage from a research-based information pool to producers, processors, marketers, and consumers of horticultural commodities. Extension programs are expected to help ensure the adoption of appropriate technologies by individuals, groups, or segments of an industry. The primary goals of an extension program are to increase production, product quality, business profits, and/or the quality of life. This symposium involved uniquely qualified individuals in describing and contrasting model extension delivery systems from around the world.
Tiffany L. Maughan, Kynda R. Curtis, Brent L. Black, and Daniel T. Drost
, combined with year-round consumer demand, create the need for extended fruit production into the off season. The climatic conditions in the Intermountain West require the use of season extension technologies so that growers may successfully supply markets
William J. Lamont Jr., Michael D. Orzolek, E. Jay Holcomb, Robert M. Crassweller, Kathy Demchak, Eric Burkhart, Lisa White, and Bruce Dye
The Center for Plasticulture's High Tunnel Research and Education Facility was established at Pennsylvania State University in 1999. Since its inception, applied research has been conducted at this facility by a team of researchers and extension specialists on the development of a new high tunnel design. The development of crop production recommendations for vegetables, small fruits, tree fruits and cut flowers grown in high tunnels has been a priority. To complement the applied research program, an aggressive extension education program was developed to extend information on the technology of high tunnels to county extension personnel, growers, industry representatives, students, master gardeners and the general public. The extension programming effort consisting of demonstration high tunnels, field days, tours, in-service training, publications and presentations made at winter meetings will be discussed in the report below.
Michael Baxter and Donald C. Pickering
The Training and Visit (T&V) system of agricultural extension has been widely adopted over the past decade. It is now being used in at least 40 countries. Many governments have contributed significant resources to implementing the system. Multi- and bilateral development organizations have also been involved. The World Bank, the leading development agency in this respect, has invested about $2.4 billion in extension activities.