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Angela Y.Y. Kong, Cynthia Rosenzweig, and Joshua Arky

providing good moisture holding and aeration properties. However, these characteristics also mean that the substrate has limited nutrient holding and retention capacities. After the nutrients in the organic component (e.g., compost) of the substrate are

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John E. Beck, Michelle S. Schroeder-Moreno, Gina E. Fernandez, Julie M. Grossman, and Nancy G. Creamer

based soil management practices, such as cover crop rotations, additions of compost and vermicompost are important practices in organic systems, but may also serve as important transitions from fumigation in conventional strawberry systems. These soil

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Jesse Puka-Beals and Greta Gramig

living mulches and biodegradable surface-applied mulches are not well known. To address these challenges, we adapted two erosion control tactics described in Faucette et al. (2006 ), hydromulching and compost blankets, and applied them as surface mulches

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Carl J. Rosen, Thomas R. Halbach, and Bert T. Swanson

Composting of municipal solid waste (MSW) has received renewed attention as a result of increasing waste disposal costs and the environmental concerns associated with using landfills. Sixteen MSW composting facilities are currently operating in the United States, with many more in the advanced stages of planning. A targeted end use of the compost is for horticultural crop production. At the present time, quality standards for MSW composts are lacking and need to be established. Elevated heavy metal concentrations in MSW compost have been reported; however, through proper sorting and recycling prior to composting, contamination by heavy metals can be reduced. Guidelines for safe metal concentrations and fecal pathogens in compost, based on sewage sludge research, are presented. The compost has been shown to be useful in horticultural crop production by improving soil physical properties, such as lowering bulk density and increasing water-holding capacity. The compost can supply essential nutrients to a limited extent; however, supplemental fertilizer, particularly N, is usually required. The compost has been used successfully as a sphagnum peat substitute for container media and as a seedbed for turf production. High soluble salts and B, often leading to phytotoxicity, are problems associated with the use of MSW compost. The primary limiting factor for the general use of MSW compost in horticultural crop production at present is the lack of consistent, high-quality compost.

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Guangtian Cao, Tingting Song, Yingyue Shen, Qunli Jin, Weilin Feng, Lijun Fan, and Weiming Cai

the compost, and the dry matter holds potential valuable nutrients of A. bisporus ( Straatsma et al., 1994 ). Thus, changes in the Agaricus sp. of fungi are crucial to mushroom production. In this study, we investigated the changes in microflora of

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Roberto G. Lopez and Diane M. Camberato

costs of petroleum resins used in manufacturing plastic containers and environmental impacts of plastic disposal, coupled with advanced technologies in biodegradable and compostable products and changing public perception, indicate an opportunity for

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Jongtae Lee

agricultural chemicals. Thus, nutrient management for sustainable crop production depends on compost from animal manures or organic fertilizers. Compost can serve as an alternative to mineral fertilizers for improving soil structure ( Dauda et al., 2008 ) and

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Qingren Wang, Waldemar Klassen, Edward A. Evans, Yungcong Li, and Merlyn Codallo

soil and water in such a fragile region. Composts of municipal solid wastes, including yard wastes, paper, cardboard, food waste, textiles, and so on, have shown high potential to improve soil fertility and production of various crops. For instance

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Danielle D. Treadwell, George J. Hochmuth, Robert C. Hochmuth, Eric H. Simonne, Lei L. Davis, Wanda L. Laughlin, Yuncong Li, Teresa Olczyk, Richard K. Sprenkel, and Lance S. Osborne

, peat–perlite–compost in pots ( Succop and Newman, 2004 ), compost–peat in 72-count trays ( Clark and Cavigelli, 2005 ), compost–peat in Styrofoam transplant flat ( Raviv et al., 1998 ), peat–perlite in 128-count trays ( Russo, 2006 ), a range of peat

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Patricia Millner, Sara Reynolds, Xiangwu Nou, and Donald Krizek

of inadvertently introduced foodborne illness pathogens, phytopathogens, or pests. COMPOST Although production in protected structures occurs with soilless media such as coir, peat, perlite, pine bark, rockwool, or vermiculite and inorganic nutrient