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Erick Amombo, Longxing Hu, Jibiao Fan, Zhengrong Hu, and Jinmin Fu

common bermudagrass is characterized by the production of genetically identical offspring ramets that may often remain connected for considerable time to the parent. Previous studies under small-scale controlled environments have indicated that clonal

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Dana Sullivan, Jing Zhang, Alexander R. Kowalewski, Jason B. Peake, William F. Anderson, F. Clint Waltz Jr., and Brian M. Schwartz

heights and trinexapac-ethyl (TE) application are routine maintenance for bermudagrass. The effects of TE on growth inhibition are well documented in many turfgrass species ( Ervin et al., 2002 ; McCarty et al., 2004 ; McCullough et al., 2007 ). Other

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Reagan W. Hejl, Benjamin G. Wherley, and Charles H. Fontanier

use in the study: ‘Riley’s Super Sport’ (Celebration ® ) bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.], ‘Palisades’ zoysiagrass ( Zoysia japonica Steud.), ‘Floratam’ st. augustinegrass [ Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze], and ‘SeaStar’ seashore

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Brian Schwartz, Jing Zhang, Jonathon Fox, and Jason Peake

Hybrid bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis ) such as ‘TifSport’ and ‘TifGrand’ are widely used on golf courses, athletic fields, as well as commercial and residential landscapes because of their tolerance to lower and more frequent

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Marco Schiavon, Brent D. Barnes, David A. Shaw, J. Michael Henry, and James H. Baird

treated with either an herbicide or a plant growth regulator ( Zuk and Fry, 2005 ). Similarly, greater bermudagrass cover was reported if herbicides were applied to perennial ryegrass stands before seeding for species transition ( Jellicorse et al., 2012

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James T. Brosnan, Dean A. Kopsell, Matthew T. Elmore, Gregory K. Breeden, and Gregory R. Armel

for weed control efficacy in turfgrass and ornamentals ( Armel et al., 2009 ; Brosnan et al., 2010 ). Mesotrione is currently registered for weed control in turf ( Anonymous, 2009b ) and has been shown to injure common bermudagrass [ Cynodon dactylon

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Jordan M. Craft, Christian M. Baldwin, Wayne H. Philley, James D. McCurdy, Barry R. Stewart, Maria Tomaso-Peterson, and Eugene K. Blythe

Ultradwarf bermudagrass is the most prevalent warm-season species used on putting greens in warm, humid regions ( Hartwiger and O’Brien, 2006 ). Ultradwarf bermudagrasses have fine-textured leaf blades, short internodes, high shoot density, and the

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Longxing Hu, Zehui Huang, Shuqian Liu, and Jinmin Fu

., 2011 ). However, the response of plant antioxidant systems to salt varied for different plant species and the tissues ( Mittova et al., 2003 ). Bermudagrass is one of the most widely used warm-season turfgrass species in temperate and tropical regions

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K.L. Hays, J.F. Barber, M.P. Kenna, and T.G. McCollum

This study was conducted to determine rooting characteristics, root carbohydrate content, and performance of 10 bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] genotypes exposed to drought. A greenhouse study was conducted twice to determine root distribution and carbohydrate content throughout the soil profile during simulated drought stress. Root distribution among genotypes and accumulation of total nonstructural carbohydrate within roots differed with depths. Root mass at 30, 60, 90, and 150 cm was significantly correlated with turf quality during drought stress (r = 0.72, 0.86, 0.80, and 0.81, respectively) only for one of the two tests. Root carbohydrate distribution was not significantly correlated with turf quality for the selected bermudagrass genotypes.

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Filippo Rimi, Stefano Macolino, and Bernd Leinauer

Over the last few years the use of warm-season grasses, such as bermudagrass and zoysiagrass, has rapidly increased in the Mediterranean countries of Europe ( Croce et al., 2001 ; Volterrani et al., 1997 ). These species are also becoming very