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Victoria H. Wallace, Candace Bartholomew, and Julie H. Campbell

, more specifically turfgrass managers, as they adapt to new pesticide regulations, several studies have put forth suggested alternative management practices to offset the need for regular, scheduled pesticide use ( Bingaman and Christians, 1995

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Xuan Wei, Hayk Khachatryan, and Alicia Rihn

–Lincoln, 2016 ). Jactel et al. (2019) showed that the most common alternative to neonicotinoid insecticides is the use of another chemical insecticide (89% of cases). Nonetheless, other chemical insecticides are not necessarily safer for the environment

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Anthony S. Davis, Matthew M. Aghai, Jeremiah R. Pinto, and Kent G. Apostol

container seedling production. Overhead irrigation is the most widely used form of irrigation in tree seedling nurseries ( Landis et al., 1989 ; Leskovar, 1998 ) as a result of its simplicity, low-cost installation, and capacity to reduce toxic buildup of

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Sanjeev K. Bangarwa, Jason K. Norsworthy, Edward E. Gbur, and John D. Mattice

nutsedge at low concentrations when applied in a sealed environment. However, a sealed environment is not practical under field situations. A possible alternative to a sealed environment in the field can be the use of low-permeability polyethylene mulches

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Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi, Marc W. van Iersel, and Roberto Testezlaf

-and-flow watering (PSEFW). Using a pitched floor and unidirectional water flow, PSEFW rapidly delivers and removes water from flood floors. The PSEFW is an alternative method to control substrate θ in a subirrigation system. The use of PSEFW restricts the amount of

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Monica Ozores-Hampton

to Fe deficiency in high pH soils of southern Florida ( Table 1 ). To efficiently manage Fe deficiency and chlorosis, bean growers typically use one or two foliar Fe applications of chelated Fe fertilizers or more inexpensive alternatives such as FeSO

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Preeti Sood, Chris Ference, Jan Narciso, and Ed Etxeberria

Laser labeling has become an alternative means of fruit labeling in many areas of the world (e.g., New Zealand, Australia, and Pacific Rim countries), approved in others (e.g., South Africa, Mexico, Canada, Argentina, Chile, and the European Union

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Charles E. Barrett, Lincoln Zotarelli, Lucas G. Paranhos, Peter Dittmar, Clyde W. Fraisse, and John VanSickle

alternative plasticulture system. Next, price ($/Mg fresh cabbage) was stochastically simulated to calculate revenue for the profit model. The profit model was created by using the product of yield and the price per unit yield minus fixed and variable costs

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Deniz İnci, Liberty Galvin, Kassim Al-Khatib, and Ahmet Uludağ

glyphosate and chlorsulfuron but are still susceptible to metribuzin. Consequently, metribuzin, which has a photosynthetic inhibitor mode of action, can be effectively used as an alternative herbicide to control glyphosate-resistant Conyza sumatrensis in

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Kimberly A. Cochran and Craig S. Rothrock

The use of brassica crop residues and seed meal to manage soilborne disease has gained interest as an alternative control strategy to traditional soil fumigants. Brassica soil amendments have been found to be effective in reducing soilborne pathogen