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Nobuko Sugimoto, A. Daniel Jones, and Randolph Beaudry

2-methylbutyl acetate, which confer typical apple aroma characteristics ( Paillard, 1990 ). The esters are largely composed of either straight- or branched-chain alkyl (alcohol-derived) and alkanoate (acid-derived) groups. The ester product is formed

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Víctor Cros, Juan José Martínez-Sánchez, and José Antonio Franco

source of bioprotective nutrients: fatty acid ω3, antioxidants, vitamins, and essential amino acids ( Miller et al., 1984 ; Simopoulos and Salem, 1986 ; Simopoulos et al., 1992 ), glutathione, and alpha-tocopherol ( Liu et al., 2000 ; Palaniswamy et al

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Fatih A. Canli and Hikmet Orhan

growers. Gibberellic acid GA 3 is used to increase the fruit firmness and the fruit size, and to delay maturity in mostly self-fertile and/or high-cropping cherry varieties in British Columbia ( Kappel and MacDonald, 2002 ) and western North America

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Ryan J. Hill, David R. King, Richard Zollinger, and Marcelo L. Moretti

, 2013 ; Souza and Moretti, 2020 ). The herbicides currently labeled for hazelnut sucker control are carfentrazone, glufosinate, paraquat, 2,4-D, pelargonic acid, saflufenacil, and pyraflufen ( Moretti, 2021 ; Reich and Lagerstedt, 1971 ; Souza and

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Paul Randall, Peter Sholberg, Gary Judd, and Joan Cossentine

axial fan (Model CFA11512038HS) was positioned in front of the evaporator to direct airflow over the device and circulate the air–acid mixture. Fumigation procedures Determining an effective acetic acid vapor dose to kill diapausing codling moth larvae

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Youssef Rouphael, Mariateresa Cardarelli, Luigi Lucini, Elvira Rea, and Giuseppe Colla

since ancient times ( Bruneton, 1995 ). The chemical components of artichoke leaves have been studied extensively and have been found to be a rich source of polyphenolic compounds with mono- and dicaffeoylquinic acids and flavonoids as the major chemical

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Yang Yang, Runfang Zhang, Pingsheng Leng, Zenghui Hu, and Man Shen

; Welling and Palva, 2008 ). Salicylic acid is a growth regulator in plants and is involved in many physiological processes ( Hayat et al., 2010 ; Miura and Tada, 2010 ), and plays an important role in both biotic and abiotic stress ( Ananieva et al., 2004

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Soon O. Park, Hye Y. Hwang, and Kevin M. Crosby

Melon, an economically important horticultural crop grown in many temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions of the world ( Wang et al., 1997 ), is a significant source of ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, folic acid, and potassium ( Lester, 1997

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Christopher J. Biai, José G. Garzon, Jason A. Osborne, Jonathan R. Schultheis, Ronald J. Gehl, and Christopher C. Gunter

synthesis have made production less expensive on a large commercial scale ( Petracek et al., 2005 ). Abscisic acid application has been used to slow shoot growth ( Watts et al., 1981 ) and has been used to control transplant growth in nurseries ( Leskovar

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Sanalkumar Krishnan and Emily B. Merewitz

al. (2012) reported that foliar spray of PAs in wheat ( Triticum aestivum ) significantly increased photosynthetic parameters, proline, total amino acids and soluble sugars, improved water status, grain yield, and reduced membrane damage under