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Chaim Kempler, Hugh A. Daubeny, Brian Harding, Tom Baumann, Chad E. Finn, Patrick P. Moore, Mark Sweeney, and Tom Walters

, R.R. 1986 Use of double-stranded RNA for identification of virus diseases of Rubus species Acta Hort. 186 51 62 Levesque, C.A. Daubeny, H.A. 1999 Variation in reaction to Phytophthora fragariae var

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Fatemeh Khodadadi, Masoud Tohidfar, Mehdi Mohayeji, Abhaya M. Dandekar, Charles A. Leslie, Daniel A. Kluepfel, Timothy Butterfield, and Kourosh Vahdati

). Therefore, for each examination such as PPO assay and RNA extraction, three entire infiltrated leaflets were sampled each time. Inoculated plants were incubated in a growth chamber at 28 °C and relative humidity of more than 90%. Moreover, as a control, the

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Hongmei Ma, Margaret Pooler, and Robert Griesbach

possible mechanism for the regulation of Myb expression includes micro-RNA. The occurrence of virus-induced color break in some orchids is suggestive of interference in micro-RNA regulation due to interactions with viral suppressors of RNA silencing

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Rhiana F. Jones, Paul W. Bosland, Robert L. Steiner, Richard W. Jones, and Mary A. O’Connell

as a disease responsive gene in a screen for PR genes expressed during the HR of C. annuum leaves to Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) ( Shin et al., 2001 ); the Universal Stress Protein, is similar to a bacterial stress responsive gene found throughout

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Xinpeng Zhang, Zongda Xu, Wenli Wang, Deyu Mu, Xiang Meng, Min Lu, and Cheng Li

cultivar ‘Starmania’ with CMV-R virus in P. hybrida , and found that the virus can inhibit the RNA interference regulation of the PhCHS-A gene, resulting in the accumulation of pigments in the white area of the petals again. DNA methylation

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Trent J. Davis, Miguel I. Gómez, Scott J. Harper, and Megan Twomey

hop, as well as cachexia in citrus, and fruit marking symptoms on some stonefruit (Hayata et al., 2017; Marquez-Molins et al., 2021). HSVd is one of the most significant virus-like pathogens of hop production, first reported in Japan, and more

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Xiaojuan Zong, Jiawei Wang, Li Xu, Hairong Wei, Xin Chen, Dongzi Zhu, Yue Tan, and Qingzhong Liu

, 48, and 72 h, respectively, after treatment, immediately frozen in liquid nitrogen, and stored at −80 °C for RNA extraction. Plantlets cultured in the normal MS medium at 25 °C with a 16/8-h photoperiod served as the control for the qRT-PCR analysis

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Keun H. Cho, Joo Young Kim, Maria I. Alvarez, Veronica Y. Laux, Lauren K. Valad, Joshua M. Tester, Thomas A. Colquhoun, and David G. Clark

at the University of Florida, which has a constitutive figwort mosaic virus (FMV) 35S promoter and NOS-terminator. After the nucleotide sequence of each plasmid construct was confirmed with Sanger sequencing service (Genewiz, South Plainfield, NJ

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Tingting Zhao, Jingkang Hu, Yingmei Gao, Ziyu Wang, Yufang Bao, Xiaochun Zhang, Huanhuan Yang, Dongye Zhang, Jingbin Jiang, He Zhang, Jingfu Li, Qingshan Chen, and Xiangyang Xu

, re-amplifications were applied using the primers with added restriction site sequences ( Eco RI and Bam HI). Target products were excised from the gel, purified and cloned into tobacco rattle virus RNA2 (TRV2), which was digested with restriction

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Gordon J. Lightbourn, John R. Stommel, and Robert J. Griesbach

. RNA analysis. Flavonoid gene expression [MYC, MYB, and WD transcription factors, anthocyanin synthase ( Ans ), dihydroflavonol reductase ( Dfr ), and chalcone synthase ( Chs )] was compared under inductive and noninductive environments for