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Ruining Li, Wenwen Huang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Xiaoying Liu, and Zhigang Xu

ratio was less than 24%. Ma et al. (2015) reported that the addition of G to the combined spectra of R and B contributed to stem length, stem diameter, leaf area, and the contents of Chl, soluble sugar, soluble protein, and starch of potato plantlets

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Hai-Fang Yang, Hye-Ji Kim, Hou-Bin Chen, Jillur Rahman, Xing-Yu Lu, and Bi-Yan Zhou

determination of soluble sugar, starch, and gene expression levels. Fig. 1. Temperature changes in the winters of 2012–13 showing diurnal maximum temperature, diurnal average temperature, and diurnal minimum temperature in the experimental orchard of the South

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Bing Liu, Hong Zhou, Sha Cao, Yi-ping Xia, and Rajeev Arora

carbohydrates (total soluble sugars and starch) to explore any correlations between the changes in these carbohydrates and deacclimation kinetics. Materials and Methods Plant material and sampling environment. The experiment was conducted using 2-year

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Changwei Shen, Yifei Ding, Xiqiong Lei, Peng Zhao, Shuo Wang, Yangchun Xu, and Caixia Dong

. Fruit firmness was assessed with a penetrometer (FT327; Effegi, Alfonsine, Italy) with an 11.3-mm probe. SSC was determined using a refractometer (PAL-1; Atago, Tokyo, Japan). Total soluble sugar was measured using the anthrone–sulphuric acid

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Manman Wang, Youliang Ye, Xv Chu, Yanan Zhao, Shuhong Zhang, Hui Chen, Wei Qin, and Yang Wang

(biomass) weight was achieved. The remaining bulb samples were used for assessing the nutritional quality [vitamin C (Vc), soluble sugar (SS), soluble protein and nitrate]. The Vc concentration was determined following the techniques described in

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Kyle M. VandenLangenberg, Paul C. Bethke, and James Nienhuis

bulked. All pods were harvested in the early morning and immediately placed in a cooler containing ice. Before freeze-drying, pods were stored at –80 °C. Soluble sugar extraction. A standard soluble sugar extraction procedure was followed ( Bethke et al

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Seong-Tae Choi, Doo-Sang Park, and Seong-Mo Kang

after extraction of anthrone-positive soluble sugars and hydrolysis of ethanol-insoluble starch fraction as described previously ( Choi et al., 2009a ; McCready et al., 1950 ). Glucose was the standard sugar used for determination of carbohydrates. To

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Liyuan Huang, Jun Yuan, Hui Wang, Xiaofeng Tan, and Genhua Niu

solution at 25 mL and then kept at room temperature. The reaction solution absorbance was assayed at 510 nm using spectrophotometer (ultraviolet-1100; Mapada, Shanghai, China, same spectrophotometer was used for the following assay). Assay of soluble sugar

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Zhimin Yang, Lixin Xu, Jingjin Yu, Michelle DaCosta, and Bingru Huang

and Yu, 2010 ; Živković et al., 2005 ). Soluble sugars such as reducing sugars (fructose and glucose) and sucrose produced during photosynthesis are critical for various metabolic processes such as osmolytes for cellular turgor maintenance and energy

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Pengpeng Duan, Ying Sun, Yuling Zhang, Qingfeng Fan, Na Yu, Xiuli Dang, and Hongtao Zou

fruits were then liquidized in a blender. Organic acid was titrated with 0.1 mol·L −1 NaOH solution. Soluble sugar content was measured using the anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method ( Leyva et al., 2008 ) and calculated according to the following