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Tyler Simons, Hanne Sivertsen, and Jean-Xavier Guinard

-point hedonic scale ( Peryam and Pilgrim, 1957 ) for appearance, overall liking, flavor, and texture, as well as the adequacy of sweetness, sourness, firmness, and juiciness on a 5-point JAR scale ( Rothman and Parker, 2009 ). Children consumers rated

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Xuetong Fan and Kimberly J.B. Sokorai

adversely affect visual quality of lettuce during cold storage in air. In our previous study ( Fan and Sokorai, 2002 ), fresh-cut Iceberg lettuce was irradiated at doses up to 4 kGy in MAP, and it was found that overall visual appearance of lettuce

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Michael Fidanza, Derek Settle, and Henry Wetzel

the basidiomycete fungus and the soil root zone and thatch ( Couch, 1995 ; Fidanza, 2007a , 2007b ; Fidanza et al., 2007 ; Shantz and Piemeisel, 1917 ; Smith et al., 1989 ). Type II symptoms are indicated by the visual appearance of darker green

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Cecilia E. McGregor and Vickie Waters

(‘Ace’ and ‘Minipol’) and 24.4 d (‘SP 6’) in 2013 ( Table 2 ). For appearance of the first pistillate flower on triploids, the number of days to first flower was between 18.7 d (‘Bold Ruler’) and 27.6 d (‘Fascination’) in 2012 and 22.1 d (‘Serval’) and

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Wenjie Ma, Wen Liang, and Bing Zhao

, and yield ( Zhang et al., 2016 ). In ornamental plants, high temperature can have a negative influence on their appearance and their ornamental value ( Shen et al., 2017 ). The ability of plants to respond and successfully adjust to heat stress

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Jinxin Wang, Tao Luo, He Zhang, Jianzhu Shao, Jianying Peng, and Jianshe Sun

25 June to 5 July, when a large number of flower buds entered initial differentiation. The content of GA 3 in flower buds increased in volatility from 25 July to 5 Nov. From 25 June to 15 Aug., before the appearance of the stamen primordium, the

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Sokrith Sea, Cyril Rakovski, and Anuradha Prakash

ripeness (firmness reading of 3 to 5 force in pounds or 13.3 to 22.2 N), affective testing was conducted with 80 to 100 consumers to determine the degree of liking of appearance (peel and internal flesh), flavor, and texture using a 9-point hedonic scale

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Simona Pinnavaia, Emilio Senesi, Anne Plotto, Jan A. Narciso, and Elizabeth A. Baldwin

, 1997 ; Pinnavaia et al., unpublished data), but resulting in residual albedo tissue, which affected appearance ( Pinnavaia et al., 2006 ). In addition to residual enzymatic activity on fresh-cut slices in storage, microbial stability is also a concern

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Diane Feliciano Cayanan, Youbin Zheng, Ping Zhang, Tom Graham, Mike Dixon, Calvin Chong, and Jennifer Llewellyn

rates and aesthetic appearance are parameters that have a direct impact on the marketability of plants; therefore, they were used to determine the critical free chlorine threshold of nursery crops. The critical free chlorine threshold was defined in this

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Konstantinos F. Bertsouklis and Maria Papafotiou

) with the difference that cold stratification was applied for 60 d. Germination was defined as the appearance of a radicle at least 2 mm long according to the rules of the International Seed Testing Association (1999) . Germination was recorded every 2