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D. Joseph Eakes, Robert D. Wright, and John R. Seiler

inhibition of photosynthesis; WUE, water-use efficiency; ψ L , leaf water potential. 1 Former Graduate Student. Present address: Dept. of Horticulture, Auburn Univ., AL 36849. 2 Professor. 3 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Forestry. Technical guidance and

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Tom Yeager, Jeff Million, Claudia Larsen, and Bob Stamps

) improved production efficiency and reduced production costs; and 6) waiver of state-imposed liability for surface and groundwater cleanup and presumption of compliance with state water quality standards ( Florida Legislature, 2008a ). Current irrigation

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Timothy Coolong

pressure, and allowing for cultivation without disturbing drip tubing ( Coolong, 2013 ). Although SDI has been reported to increase yields, reduce water use, and increase nutrient use efficiencies ( Lamm and Camp, 2007 ), there are some limitations that

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Rachel Mack, James S. Owen Jr., Alex X. Niemiera, and David J. Sample

growing areas can contaminate on-site water storage or receiving surface water bodies. Adoption of BMPs can help growers maintain production efficiency while reducing resource use and preventing potential nutrient runoff from being discharged to protected

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Alberto Pardossi and Luca Incrocci

and irrigation water use efficiency on a sandy soil, as affected by nitrogen rate and irrigation scheduling Agr. Water Mgt. 96 23 34

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Carolyn F. Scagel, Guihong Bi, Leslie H. Fuchigami, and Richard P. Regan

use efficiency than W100 plants ( Fig. 4 ). Decreasing irrigation frequency can transiently decrease g S without influencing growth when the level of water stress imposed is not large enough to significantly influence seasonal carbon gain from

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Joanne Logan

and stored during a 1-inch rainfall. Some rainfall evaporates from the roof or leaks from the gutters, so an overall efficiency of 80% to 85% is often used in the calculation of harvested water. A rainfall event of ≈0.5 inch will easily fill a 50 to 55

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Nastaran Basiri Jahromi, Amy Fulcher, Forbes Walker, James Altland, Wesley Wright, and Neal Eash

conventional irrigation and the system based on substrate physical properties. Table 3. Total irrigation applied per container, final dry weight, final size index, water use efficiency (n = 8), and total leachate volume (n = 3) for Hydrangea paniculata

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Harmandeep Sharma, Manoj K. Shukla, Paul W. Bosland, and Robert L. Steiner

adjusted depending on the crop conditions, evaporative demands, and water balance ( Saeed et al., 2008 ). PRD has been applied to several crops and has shown to reduce the crop water use, maintain yield, and improve water use efficiency ( Stoll et al., 2000

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David H Suchoff, Christopher C. Gunter, Jonathan R. Schultheis, Matthew D. Kleinhenz, and Frank J. Louws

improve fruit quality, soil resource use efficiency, as well as combined biotic and abiotic stress tolerance ( Kyriacou et al., 2017 ; Rouphael et al., 2018 ). Certain rootstocks have demonstrated the ability to improve water use efficiency in susceptible