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Ruining Li, Wenwen Huang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Xiaoying Liu, and Zhigang Xu

phytochromes and it is important for photosynthetic apparatus development and for starch accumulation, and that B is relevant for chloroplast development, Chls formation, and stomata opening. Jao and Fang (2001) reported that the combined spectra of R and B

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Jennifer R. DeEll, Jennifer T. Ayres, and Dennis P. Murr

maturity for long-term storage ( Table 1 ). IEC was less than 1 ppm and the starch index was between 5 and 6, which is the recommended range for CA storage of ‘McIntosh’ ( Blanpied and Silsby, 1992 ). Apples from Harvest 3 had an average starch index higher

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Nobuko Sugimoto, A. Daniel Jones, and Randolph Beaudry

). Starch conversion to sugars, as measured by the starch index (1 to 8) started at 2 on Day 0 and increased linearly with time, reaching a maximum of 8 on Day 32 (data not shown). The pattern for soluble solids was similar to that of starch conversion; the

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Ignasi Iglesias and Simó Alegre

fruit size, firmness, SSC, or starch pattern index/fruit maturity. We can therefore conclude that although reflective films laid 5 weeks before commercial harvest increased fruit red color, they did not significantly affect fruit size, fruit maturity

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Susmitha Nambuthiri, Amy Fulcher, Andrew K. Koeser, Robert Geneve, and Genhua Niu

.). Production practices affect the environment to which the containers are subjected (irrigation, use of shade/supplemental lighting, ambient temperature, etc.). Plant rooting pattern, pot spacing, and production duration can also influence container performance

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Giacomo Cocetta, Roberto Beghi, Ilaria Mignani, and Anna Spinardi

fruit quality, not improve it. Therefore, an accurate assessment of harvest maturity is essential. Commonly used harvest indices are based on skin background color, fruit flesh firmness, starch pattern index, SSC, TA, and ethylene production ( Kingston

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Brianna L. Ewing, Gregory M. Peck, Sihui Ma, Andrew P. Neilson, and Amanda C. Stewart

penetrometer [Güss Manufacturing (Pty.) Ltd., Strand, S.A.] fitted with a cylindrical 11.1-mm-diameter tip. Starch pattern iodine index (SPI) was determined by staining the stem-side cross-section of an apple sliced equatorially with a 0.22% iodine and 0

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Corina Serban and Lee Kalcsits

potassium iodide solution using a handheld spray bottle. After 30 min, the starch pattern was rated visually by using a 1–6 scale according to the WTFRC Starch Index for ‘Honeycrisp’ ( Hanrahan, 2012 ), where 1 = most starch and 6 = no starch. Juice from a

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Isabelle Grechi, Nadine Hilgert, Michel Génard, and Françoise Lescourret

the most decisive parameters in consumer satisfaction ( Hilaire et al., 2000 ; Vaysse et al., 2000 ). To take quality into consideration in crop models, the refractometric index is preferable to sugar content to which it is well correlated ( Hilaire

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Haiyan Zhang

the rate of germinated seeds on the 20th day. Germination index was GI = Σ(Gt/Tt), where Gt is the number of germinated seeds in Day t and Tt is the time corresponding to Gt in days. Vigor index was VI = GI × shoot height on the 25th day. MGT was