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Margaret R. Pooler

.S. National Arboretum has an ongoing breeding program aimed at developing new cultivars of ornamental cherry with disease and pest resistance, tolerance to environmental stresses, and superior ornamental characteristics. Breeding strategies include broadening

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Desire Djidonou, Xin Zhao, Karen E. Koch, and Lincoln Zotarelli

nutrient use efficiency ( Djidonou et al., 2013 ). At first, this approach was used primarily as an effective tool to manage various soil-borne diseases and to overcome environmental stresses associated with the intensive, continuous cropping in solanaceous

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Virender Kumar, Daniel C. Brainard, and Robin R. Bellinder

green manure crops suppress weeds Proc. West. Weed Sci. Soc. 47 24 27 Brainard, D.C. 2002 Weed management implications of a broccoli-winter rye intercropping system Cornell Univ Ithaca, NY PhD Diss Brown, P.D. Morra, M.J. 1997 Control of soil-borne plant

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Olha Sydorovych, Charles D. Safley, Rob M. Welker, Lisa M. Ferguson, David W. Monks, Katie Jennings, Jim Driver, and Frank J. Louws

,3-dichloropropene + 34.7% chloropicrin (Telone-C35™; Dow AgroSciences, Indianapolis)] ( Duniway, 2002 ; Martin, 2003 ; Schneider et al., 2003 ). The availability of alternative control measures is generally limited because of variations in the target pests, soil

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Jayesh B. Samtani, Curt R. Rom, Heather Friedrich, Steven A. Fennimore, Chad E. Finn, Andrew Petran, Russell W. Wallace, Marvin P. Pritts, Gina Fernandez, Carlene A. Chase, Chieri Kubota, and Brad Bergefurd

sold at local markets ( Gu et al., 2017 ). The early success of the industry in this region is due, in part, to the use of MB as a soil fumigant to control soil-borne pests. Although MB is no longer available, most growers still use chemical soil

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Andrew L. Thomas, Patrick L. Byers, and Mark R. Ellersieck

terms of productivity, phenology, or pest management. The American elderberry is a large, vigorous, multistemmed shrub that produces fruit on the current season's growth as well as older wood. For simplicity, we use the terms “primary” and “secondary” to

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Yunfei Mao, Yijun Yin, Xueli Cui, Haiyan Wang, Xiafei Su, Lulu Zhang, Xin Qin, Yangbo Liu, Yanli Hu, and Xiang Shen

seeds emerged in Spring 2014 (Tai’an, Shandong Province, China: lat. 36°05′N, long. 117°03′E; 153 m above sea level), a region with a temperate monsoon climate. In 2015, after the seedlings had flowered and borne fruit, an individual plant with a tall

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Craig J. Frey, Xin Zhao, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Dustin M. Huff, and Zachary E. Black

vegetable production systems, where many disease and pest problems persist as a result of conducive environments. In Florida, root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp.) thrive in sandy soils under warm, moist conditions, but little is known regarding the

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Mathews L. Paret, Ryo Kubota, Daniel M. Jenkins, and Anne M. Alvarez

caused by plugging of the vascular tissues leading to blockage of water movement to upward parts of the stem and leaves. R. solanacearum is a soil-borne organism and is easily transmitted through field soil, runoff water, and infected planting material

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Xin Zhao, Qianru Liu, M. Tatiana Sanchez, and Nicholas S. Dufault

cucurbitaceous crops as a novel integrated disease management strategy, especially when the availability of resistant cultivars is limited. By using selected rootstocks, grafting can efficiently control the soil-borne diseases caused by a wide range of pathogens