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Gonzalo H. Villarino and Neil S. Mattson

). As supply of high-quality water decreases growers are being forced to irrigate their crops with poor-quality water and/or saline water ( Lieth and Burger, 1989 ). Use of recycled water to irrigate floriculture bedding plants may be warranted in the

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Genhua Niu, Denise S. Rodriguez, Rosa Cabrera, John Jifon, Daniel Leskovar, and Kevin Crosby

Soil salinity is a common problem in agricultural regions of the southwestern United States as a result of low rainfall, high evapotranspiration, and poor quality of irrigation water. High soil salinity leads to poor germination, delays stand

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Nydia Celis, Donald L. Suarez, Laosheng Wu, Rui Li, Mary Lu Arpaia, and Peggy Mauk

as the seventh largest producer at 0.175 million tons ( FAO, 2018 ). Avocado production in California (the major U.S. producer) is increasingly affected by the scarcity of freshwater and relies on more saline waters as well as salinization of existing

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Genhua Niu and Denise S. Rodriguez

relatively high levels of soluble salts compared with fresh water, and its salinity level depends on the source of water and treatment. For example, in California, the electrical conductivity (EC) of reclaimed water is typically two to three times that of

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Shasha Wu, Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, James Altland, and Raul Cabrera

appealing landscape ( Niu and Rodriguez, 2006 ). Asteraceae is an exceedingly large family of flowering plants widespread in the wild and landscape. Many aster species have been studied for salt tolerance, and their responses to salinity are highly dependent

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Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, and Christina Perez

expand the usage of reclaimed water, salt-tolerant ornamental plants should be identified for nursery production and landscapes in areas where alternative waters may be used for irrigation. Salinity decreases soil water potential and thereby makes water

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Qi Zhang and Kevin Rue

High soil salinity is often problematic to turfgrass managers. Salinity causes osmotic stress (i.e., physiological drought), ion imbalance, and phytotoxicity and adversely affects plant growth and development ( Qian and Harivandi, 2007 ), resulting

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Xin Song, Suo-min Wang, and Yiwei Jiang

At present, over one-third of cultivated lands are threatened by soil salinization ( Rengasamy, 2010 ). Salinity affects plant growth by imposing both ionic and osmotic stresses. High Na + concentration disturbs plant ionic homeostasis and the

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Mingying Xiang, Justin Q. Moss, Dennis L. Martin, and Yanqi Wu

sites across the United States are affected by soil salinity issues. The detrimental effects of salinity on grass growth include osmotic stress, specific ion toxicity, imbalances of nutrition, structural disorganization, and excessive energy resulting in

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Matteo Serena, Bernd Leinauer, Rossana Sallenave, Marco Schiavon, and Bernd Maier

Loss of productive lands as a result of soil salinization is a growing worldwide problem that affects arid zone regions most acutely. This, coupled with a growing scarcity of fresh water and increased use of effluent or low-quality water for