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Julie Bussières, Stéphanie Boudreau, Guillaume Clément–Mathieu, Blanche Dansereau, and Line Rochefort

survival data in 2002, which was measured on all plants. Survival (percent) was calculated as the number of living plants compared with the initial number of planted seedlings. Height (centimeters) was measured from the soil to the highest branches

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Theodore P. McAvoy and Joshua H. Freeman

several hours and is considered to have no ozone-depleting potential ( Robinson et al., 2006 ). DMDS is produced by living organisms in wetlands and oceans as well as members of the plant families Alliaceae and Brassicaceae ( McKown, 2010 ). It is a

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Drip Irrigation and Straw Mulch Affect Sweet Cherry Physiology The impacts of switching from micro-sprinkler irrigation (MS) to double-lateral drip irrigation (DD) and from no ground cover (NC) to in-row straw mulching (ST) were evaluated on sweet

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averaged 3–20 stems/plant per month. New Biodegradable Mulch Films Maintain High Fresh-market Tomato Yields Removal and disposal of used plastic mulches is a major challenge for the vegetable industry. The need to develop a mulch film that biodegrades over

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Husrev Mennan and Mathieu Ngouajio

modification; and weed control ( Haramoto and Gallandt, 2004 ; Mennan et al., 2006 ; Ngouajio and Mennan, 2005 ; Teasdale, 1996 ; Yenish et al., 1996 ). Many studies have reported positive effects of living cover crops on early season weed suppression and

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Xinhua Yin, Lynn E. Long, Xiao-Lan Huang, Ngowari Jaja, Jinhe Bai, Clark F. Seavert, and Jac le Roux

white clover ( Trifolium repens ) living mulch in Japan, which showed increased protozoa population under white clover living mulch ( Nakamoto and Tsukamoto, 2006 ) possibly because white clover mulches was a living mulch with roots, whereas wheat straw

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Eric B. Brennan and Richard F. Smith

erosion and pesticide loads in runoff in conventional tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) systems, whereas Warren et al. used a grass–legume living mulch to extend cover crop duration in organic broccoli ( Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) and investigate

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Neal Mays, Curt Richard Rom, Kristofor R. Brye, Mary C. Savin, and M. Elena Garcia

soil erosion ( Carter, 2002 ; Karlen et al., 1992 ; Kemper and Rosenau, 1986 ). Surface crusting and erosion may be reduced or eliminated in orchards with application of non-living groundcover mulches. Mulches useful for organic apple ( Malus

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Kent D. Kobayashi, Theodore J.K. Radovich, and Brooke E. Moreno

sustainability, including water environmental concerns, integrated pest management (IPM), weed control IPM/living mulches, and federal standards for organic food production ( University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, 2004a

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Guangyao Wang, Mathieu Ngouajio, and Darryl D. Warncke

been used successfully in many regions as a living mulch with onions to reduce soil erosion and to protect the onions from wind damage ( Greenland, 2000 ; Hatterman-Valenti and Hendrickson, 2006 ; Zandstra and Warncke, 1993 ). However, few studies