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Ying Gao, Hao Liu, and Dong Pei

staminate inflorescence requires ≈1 year from the time of initiation to maturation. However, the differentiation course varies by cultivar and climate ( Polito and Katherine, 1997 ; Zhang et al., 1995 ). Marker characteristics should be linked genetically

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Megan F. Muehlbauer, Josh A. Honig, John M. Capik, Jennifer N. Vaiciunas, and Thomas J. Molnar

, 2008 ; Gökirmak et al., 2009 ; Gürcan et al., 2010a , 2010b ; Gürcan and Mehlenbacher, 2010a , 2010b ). Collectively, these studies have provided significant insight into the genetic diversity and population structure existing in cultivated and

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Jenny L. Bolivar-Medina, Camilo Villouta, Beth Ann Workmaster, and Amaya Atucha

phyllotaxis. First, four sepal primordia differentiate: two laterals, one abaxial, and one adaxial (stage 2) ( Fig. 3C ). Next, four petal primordia form, appearing as arced triangle structures (stage 3) in an alternate pattern with the sepals and a square

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Theodore J. Kisha and Christopher S. Cramer

the measurement of genetic diversity, population structure, and evolution ( Avise, 1994 ; Nei, 1987 ). Molecular marker technology can be used to characterize the extent of diversity within a collection and for the development of collection management

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María José Arismendi, Patricio Hinrichsen, Ruben Almada, Paula Pimentel, Manuel Pinto, and Boris Sagredo

of polymorphism, codominant inheritance, abundance in the genome, transferability among species (most frequently in the same genus), and high reproducibility among laboratories. The potential of SSR markers to differentiate cultivars and study genetic

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Kadir Uğurtan Yılmaz, Sezai Ercişli, Bayram Murat Asma, Yıldız Doğan, and Salih Kafkas

. New methods based on molecular evaluations may provide further insight into the genetic structure and differentiation within Prunus ( Aradhya et al., 2004 ). Genetic characterization of diversity and relationships at both inter- and intraspecific

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Marissa Moses and Pathmanathan Umaharan

Hernandez-Verdugo, S. Luna-Reyes, R. Oyama, K. 2001 Genetic structure and differentiation of wild and domesticated populations of Capsicum annuum (Solanaceae) from Mexico Plant Syst. Evol. 226 129 142 Hundal, J.S. Dhall, R.K. 2005 Breeding for hybrid C

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Mirko Siragusa, Fabio De Pasquale, Loredana Abbate, Letizia Martorana, and Nicasio Tusa

genetic diversity and population structure in a citrus germplasm collection utilizing simple sequence repeat markers (ISSR) Theor. Appl. Genet. 112 1519 1531 Capparelli, R. Viscardi, M. Amoroso, M.G. Blaiotta

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Briana L. Gross, Gayle M. Volk, Christopher M. Richards, Philip L. Forsline, Gennaro Fazio, and C. Thomas Chao

, J. Polito, V. 2011 Molecular characterization of genetic diversity, structure, and differentiation in the olive ( Olea europaea L.) germplasm collection of the United States Department of Agriculture Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58 519 531 Laucou, V

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Salih Kafkas, Sezai Ercişli, Yıldız Doğan, Yaşar Ertürk, Ayhan Haznedar, and Remzi Sekban

159 165 Paul, S. Wachira, F.N. Powell, W. Waugh, R. 1997 Diversity and genetic differentiation among populations of Indian and Kenyan tea ( Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) revealed by AFLP markers