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James R. Ballington, Barclay Poling, and Kerry Olive

use the annual hill plastic mulch production system known as “strawberry plasticulture” ( Poling, 2004 , 2008 ). In North Carolina, strawberries grown in this system are locally marketed (selling by pick-your-own, prepick, roadside stands, and farmers

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Michael S. Reid and Fisun G. Çelikel

was greatly reduced by the presence of ethylene during the treatment period. Neither of these results would be predicted by the current model of 1-MCP action. We report the results of further studies using this model system and suggest an alternative

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Brian A. Kahn, Niels O. Maness, Donna R. Chrz, and Lynda K. Carrier

obtain a high volume of product at a lower production cost than might result from the use of transplants. However, direct seeding of basil is considered to be more prone to failure than transplanting due to adverse factors such as climatic variables and

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José Luis Chaves-Gómez, Alba Marina Cotes-Prado, Sandra Gómez-Caro, and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

environment. Because of these issues, alternatives to the use of agrochemicals, such as biological control and the application of organic additives, have gained interest recently ( Moreno-Velandia et al., 2018 ; Pal and Gardener, 2006 ). Organic additives are

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Luisa Martelloni, Lisa Caturegli, Christian Frasconi, Monica Gaetani, Nicola Grossi, Simone Magni, Andrea Peruzzi, Michel Pirchio, Michele Raffaelli, Marco Volterrani, and Marco Fontanelli

means would reduce dependence on synthetic pesticides ( Busey, 2003 ). Flame weeding could be an alternative to the use of selective herbicides and would also eliminate the risk of chemical residues in the turfgrass. This is in accordance with the

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Nan Tang, Wuhua Zhang, Liwen Chen, Yan Wang, and Daocheng Tang

used as an alternative. The RPS5 gene encodes a ribosomal protein that forms a part of a small subunit and is ubiquitously expressed in all cell types ( Kirthi et al., 2006 ). At present, the application of ribosomal protein genes as housekeeping

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Joseph Monson and Denise Mainville

alternative mathematical algorithms, known as linkage methods. Ward's method is the specific linkage method used to form groupings in this study. Ward's method is widely used as a clustering method in social science research ( Aldenderfer and Blashfield, 1984

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Peter Alem, Paul A. Thomas, and Marc W. van Iersel

plant growth through WD supports previous suggestions on the feasibility of using regulated WD to control plant height as an alternative to PGRs application ( Cameron et al., 2008 ; Röber and Hafez, 1981 ). Irrigation and WD application. After hand

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Kuan-Ju Chen, Suzette P. Galinato, Thomas L. Marsh, Peter R. Tozer, and Hayley H. Chouinard

a maximum of 10 response alternatives. This approach allowed respondents to select only one response per question. For each question presented, respondents used a device to indicate their answer, which was recorded electronically. The diversity of

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Stephanie E. Burnett, Bryan J. Peterson, and Marjorie Peronto

Stem cuttings are traditionally propagated using overhead mist systems. Recent work has explored the use of a different approach: submist propagation ( Peterson et al., 2018a , 2018b ; Sanchez et al., 2020 ). Submist propagation systems apply