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Heidi Marie Wollaeger and Erik S. Runkle

, 2008 ; Watanabe, 2011 ; Weinig et al., 2004 ). Using LEDs for sole-source photosynthetic lighting is of commercial interest because high-density shelving systems could allow multiple-tiered growing, which can increase land use efficiency ( Watanabe

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Jianping P. Wang, Suleiman S. Bughrara, and C. Jerry Nelson

loss. Large root systems that increase water uptake efficiency ( McCully, 1999 ; Weerathaworn et al., 1992 ) and adapted leaf characteristics, such as lower specific leaf area and lower stomatal density that reduce water loss, are examples

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Toshio Shibuya, Junki Komuro, Norio Hirai, Yoshiko Sakamoto, Ryosuke Endo, and Yoshiaki Kitaya

. Baldwin, I.T. Ballaré, C.L. 2006 Remote sensing of future competitors: Impacts on plant defenses Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 7170 7174 Kozai, T. 2007 Propagation, grafting and transplant production in closed systems with artificial lighting for

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Elisabeth Hodgdon, Jennifer Bonina Noseworthy, and Rebecca Grube Sideman

nitrogen. Plants were irrigated through a drip irrigation system using one emitter per pot. A Rainbird irrigation controller provided 20-min pulses at least once daily, with the frequency of irrigation increasing as the crop matured. The minimum temperature

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Mark H. Brand and Bryan A. Connolly

been fully evaluated for ‘UCONNPC001’, but purpleleaf sandcherries tolerate winter minimum temperatures as low as about –35 °C and are best adapted to locations receiving fewer than 50 summer days with temperatures exceeding 30 °C. ‘UCONNPC001’ has

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Eric T. Wolske, Bruce E. Branham, and Kevin J. Wolz

., 2018 ). The focus of these systems is on shifting our agricultural paradigm from monoculture, single-purpose, annual cropping systems toward polyculture, multifunctional, perennial cropping systems. A major issue in polyculture and mixed cropping

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Desalegn D. Serba, Osman Gulsen, Bekele G. Abeyo, Keenan L. Amundsen, Donald J. Lee, P. Stephen Baenziger, Tiffany M. Heng-Moss, Kent M. Eskridge, and Robert C. Shearman

prominent difference among ploidy levels is geographical adaptation ( Shearman et al., 2004 ). The diploids are thought to be the original forms from which the upper ploidy levels evolved and are adapted to the southern regions of buffalograss-growing areas

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Joshua K. Craver, Chad T. Miller, Kimberly A. Williams, and Nora M. Bello

Professional Peat-Lite Special; Everris NA Inc., Dublin, OH) when greater than half of the plants reached ≈45% container capacity as a result of water loss. Supplemental lighting, using full spectrum lamps (Verilux, Inc., Waitsfield, VT) providing a spectrum

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Rebecca A. Schnelle and James E. Barrett

‘Fancy’ scaevola. Unrooted cuttings were obtained from commercial suppliers and were stuck individually into Ellepot cells (Blackmore Co., Belleville, MI). The Ellepot system is a preformed propagation cell that is composed of a peat- and perlite

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Woei-Jiun Guo, Yu-Zu Lin, and Nean Lee

·s −1 PPF for low-light-adapted leaves. A daylength of 12 h maximizes the photosynthetic CO 2 fixation and flower development. To reduce the cost of artificial lighting, 8 h of saturating PPF that is followed by 4 h of low light is sufficient