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Jeb S. Fields, James S. Owen Jr., and Holly L. Scoggins

.1536) between optimal production K (Ψ = −75 hPa) and measured K s for bark-based substrates ( Fields, 2017 ). This is due to K being a limiting factor for water uptake by roots in soilless substrates ( Raviv et al., 1999 ) and field soils ( Campbell and

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Ayse Tascan, Jeff Adelberg, Mevlut Tascan, Agnes Rimando, Nirmal Joshee, and Anand K. Yadav

multiplication ratios. The fiber reduced water uptake and prevented hypoxia. The fiber matrix may be constructed with varying thickness or used with varied volumes of medium to allow greater biomass with reduced hyperhydricity. The simple alterations of medium

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Said A. Hamido, Kelly T. Morgan, Robert C. Ebel, and Davie M. Kadyampakeni

), climate factors (e.g., temperature, solar radiation, and rainfall), and vegetation cover. Soil water availability may also affect evapotranspiration by reducing water uptake ( Morgan et al., 2006 ). However, studies investigating relationships between soil

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Tim R. Pannkuk, Jacqueline A. Aitkenhead-Peterson, Kurt Steinke, James C. Thomas, David R. Chalmers, and Richard H. White

and fall months where the trees at CS displayed significantly lower water use ( Table 5 ). Because of reduced water use in CS relative to SA, we suggest that the use of high sodium bicarbonate water may have affected plant water uptake. High soil

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Eckhard Grimm and Moritz Knoche

tuberosum L. ( Jarvis et al., 1992 )]. The volume increase of the apoplast due to cell wall swelling indicates significant water uptake, the forces driving this uptake are not yet known. Conclusion Our results provide direct and conclusive evidence for the

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Tyler C. Hoskins, James S. Owen Jr., and Alex X. Niemiera

WAT, roots had grown to a sub-surface depth 8.89 cm ( Table 3 ). Consequently, most of the plant-water uptake occurred above this 8.89-cm root depth, leading to a concentrated dry region in the upper substrate profile and a steeper observed moisture

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Elisa Solis-Toapanta, Paul R. Fisher, and Celina Gómez

every 2 weeks immediately after a nutrient solution replacement in the W treatment, and throughout the production cycle in W/O ( Fig. 2 ). However, EC levels in the higher end of this range can decrease tomato fruit yield and reduce water uptake

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Shinsuke Agehara and Daniel I. Leskovar

Vegetable seedlings often suffer transient water stress after transplanting. This so-called transplant shock is caused by the imbalance between water uptake and transpiration. In newly transplanted seedlings, water uptake is reduced because of root

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Youssef Rouphael, Mariateresa Cardarelli, Giuseppe Colla, and Elvira Rea

confirm that the higher marketable yield recorded with grafting was the result of a better nutritional status and higher CO 2 assimilation and water uptake from the soil. Conclusions Water deficit has been shown to adversely affect yield

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Tony H.H. Chen, S.D.K. Yamamoto, L.V. Gusta, and A.E. Slinkard

Abstract

Either imbibition at low temperatures or fast water uptake reduced germination of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) by 15%. The combination of imbibition at low temperatures and fast water uptake reduced germination by 65%. The most chilling-sensitive period for chickpea germination is the first 30 minutes of imbibition. Slow imbibition at 20°C for 24 hours prior to seeding of mechanically damaged chickpea seeds significantly improved percentage of germination, and uniform, vigorous seedlings resulted. Such prehydrated seeds also showed better emergence under field conditions, especially in early spring when the soil was still cold. The results suggest that mechanically damaged seeds sown in cold, wet soil undergo imbibitional chilling injury and fast water uptake, leading to poor field emergence. Prehydration of seeds by slow imbibition at warm temperature and/or fungicide application increased the germination and emergence of chickpeas sown into cold, wet soils.