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Bobby Mottern, Mary Haque, and Judy Caldwell

Two xeriscape gardens have been designed for the purpose of educating the public about the importance of water conservation through xeriscaping. One was designed and implemented for a temporary exhibit at the South Carolina State Fair in October of 1991. The exhibit was cosponsored by the Clemson University Extension Service and Master Gardener programs.

The second garden has been designed for the Clemson University Botanical Garden. This will be a permanant addition to the botanical garden soley for display purposes. It is designed to be a model for students, professors, and the general public to observe and study principles associated with water conservation in the landscape.

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Daniel Hargey, Benjamin Wherley, Andrew Malis, James Thomas, and Ambika Chandra

windows during water conservation periods. Thus, it has become increasingly important to examine cultural strategies for maximizing success during the early establishment period. A key component for long-term drought resistance in turfgrass is the

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Lucy K. Bradley, Bridget K. Behe, Natalie R. Bumgarner, Charlotte D. Glen, Joseph L. Donaldson, Ellen M. Bauske, Sheri Dorn, and Gail Langellotto

reduced need for inputs; and at the community level, such as increased public value for water and air quality protection, water conservation, and protection of biodiversity ( Cameron et al., 2012 ; Hall et al., 2017 ; Pataki et al., 2011 ). However

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Renuka Rao and Yuncong Li

This research was supported by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station and a grant from South-Dade Soil and Water Conservation District, and approved for publication as journal series R-09039.

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Tamara Wynne and Dale Devitt

Nevada Las Vegas Center for Urban Water Conservation in North Las Vegas, NV, from May 2016 to July 2018. A stand of 100 landscape trees was used for the study. The trees had been planted 20 years earlier on 5.2 m (north–south) by 6.2 m (east

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Nathaniel Ferraro, Darrell Bosch, James Pease, and James S. Owen Jr.

and Applied Economics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA Hartter, D. 2012 Understanding consumers’ ornamental plant preferences for disease-free and water conservation labels. Master’s Thesis, Department of

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Jinmin Fu, Bingru Huang, and Jack Fry

turfgrass below replacement of evapotranspiration as a means of water conservation: Performance of commonly used turfgrasses Intl. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 347 356 Harn, C. Daie, J. 1992 Regulation of the cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase by post

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Amanda Bayer, Imran Mahbub, Matthew Chappell, John Ruter, and Marc W. van Iersel

Warsaw, A.L. Fernandez, R.T. Cregg, B.M. 2009 Water conservation, growth, and water use efficiency of container-grown woody ornamentals irrigated based on daily water use HortScience 44 1308 1318 Wells, S. Chappell, M. Ruter, J. Thomas, P. van Iersel, M

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Cynthia McKenney and Robert Terry Jr.

Workshops are one of the primary tools utilized to convey information to audiences with diverse backgrounds. Frequently, the results obtained are of mixed success or unmeasurable. In this project, the Environmental Protection Agency sponsored the development of a model workshop to promote the concept of water conservation through xeriscaping. Two workshops were conducted in Spring 1994. Slide presentations, audience discussion sessions, tours of an existing xeriscape, and the administration of pre- and post-workshop surveys were included in the model. Statistical analysis comparing the surveys determined the effectiveness of the model. The results indicated both the perception and the general knowledge about water conservation were significantly improved. Promotion by newspaper was the most-effective method of reaching the audience, while TV spots were the least effective method used. The model was successful in reaching a new audience which was characterized as being 45 years old, having less than 1 year of gardening experience, and possessing some college education.

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R.M. Coolman and G.D. Hoyt

The physical characteristics of a particular soil affect its suitability for reduced tillage. Vegetable crops managed with reduced tillage generally will increase crop yields as drainage improves. Under reduced tillage, advantages over conventional tillage include better control of soil erosion, enhanced crop yields, soil water conservation, and more-efficient use of fossil fuel-based nonrenewable resources. Disadvantages with reduced tillage may include reduced soil temperature and increased soil moisture contents in udic soil moisture regimes, which can decrease crop yields.