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Alex X. Niemiera and Carol E. Leda

A survey to determine teaching methodologies for plant material courses was conducted. A total of 120 surveys was sent to horticulture programs at U.S. universities and colleges. Thirty-nine, 22, and 8 respondents taught a woody plant (W), a herbaceous perennial (HP)/annual (A) course, and a foliage plant course, respectively; 21 respondents taught a combination of theses courses. The following similarities were noted for W and HP/A: 1) about 190 species per Semester were presented usually in a taxonomic order using slides as the primary teaching medium for lecture, 2) the most common student complaint was too much work and memorization, 3) the most common student compliment was the practical and useful nature of the subject matter, 4) in order of importance, plant identification, landscape value, and plant cultural aspects were emphasized. For W and HP/A, 93% and 65% of plants, respectively, were presented as landscape and arboreta specimens. Seventy percent of W courses used Dirr's Manual of Woody Landscape Plants; 58% and 10% of HP/A courses used Still's Manual of Herbaceous Ornamental Plants and Taylor's Guides, respectively.

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Zongyu Li, R. Karina Gallardo, Vicki A. McCracken, Chengyan Yue, Ksenija Gasic, Gregory Reighard, and James R. McFerson

used in this study could apply to other regions and crops. Methodology Data collection. The data were collected via two survey instruments, implemented in 2016 and 2018, to investigate if there were differences in growers’ viewpoints in two different

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Amy Jo Chamberlain, Kathleen M. Kelley, and Jeffrey Hyde

preference for locally grown over certified organic products, their willingness to pay for organic produce was about the same as for locally grown produce. In addition, a national survey indicated that 44% of consumers reported being equally attracted to

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Kathleen M. Kelley, James C. Sellmer, and Rebecca H. Robert

supports is to use surveys, focus groups, and informational outreach to gauge user interests and needs. A strong member base and supportive community built on active recruiting and program development, strong outreach, and audience-directed activities

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S. Varlamoff, W.J. Florkowski, J.L. Jordan, J. Latimer, and K. Braman

A survey of Georgia homeowners provided insights about their use of fertilizers and pesticides. Knowledge of current homeowner practices is needed to develop a best management practices manual to be used by Master Gardeners to train the general public through the existing outreach programs. The objective of the training program is to reduce nutrient runoff and garden chemicals and improve the quality of surface water in urban water-sheds. Results showed three of four homeowners did their own landscaping and, therefore, fully controlled the amount of applied chemicals and the area of application. Fertilizers were primarily applied to lawns, but a high percentage of homeowners also applied them to trees, shrubs, and flowers. Insecticides were applied by a larger percentage of homeowners than herbicides. Control of fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) was likely the reason behind the frequent use of insecticides. The desire for a weed free lawn was the plausible motivation behind the use of herbicides, which were used mostly on lawns. Fungicide use was infrequently reported by Georgia homeowners. The pattern of fertilizer and pesticide use suggests that the developed manual should emphasize techniques and cultural practices, which could lower the dependence on chemicals, while ultimately assuring the desired appearance of turf and ornamental plants.

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Margaret M. Saska, Yulia A. Kuzovkina, and Robert M. Ricard

research. Materials and methods A mail survey was conducted that was comprised of 34 items, including 27 closed-ended and five open-ended questions and six opinion-based, closed-ended questions structured on a five-point scale ( Likert, 1932 ). The first

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Sharon J.B. Knewtson, Edward E. Carey, and M.B. Kirkham

article is to report information about high tunnel use and management practices of growers of horticultural crops in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska as documented in a paper and online survey. It was the large number of experienced growers who

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Kristin L. Getter and Bridget K. Behe

implemented and a consumer survey was administered to assess attitudes and awareness before and after the media campaign. Materials and methods In 2011 and 2012, the Michigan Christmas Tree Association, Michigan Floriculture Growers Council, and Michigan

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Christopher Catanzaro*, Haval Kamake, and Sarabjit Bhatti

A poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch) open house was held at the TSU main campus farm in Dec. 2003, during which a high quality finished plant of each of 21 cultivars was on display (supplied by Dummen USA and Ecke in August as rooted cuttings). The cultivars varied in inflorescence color and pattern, plant size and plant growth habit. Members of the campus community, the Tennessee Flower Growers Association, extension personnel, and the general public attended. Most attendees completed a written survey (n = 173), in which they rated how strongly they liked or disliked each cultivar. Cultivars were rated on a Likert-type scale (1 = strongly dislike, 7 = strongly like). Highly rated cultivars (mean >6) included `Premium Red', `Infinity Red', `Spotlight Dark Red', `Coco 2000 Red', `Merlot', `Prestige', `Freedom', and `Premium Hot Pink'. Less preferred (mean <4.4) were `Premium Marble', `Mirage', and `Limelight'. Although no cultivars were strongly disliked, the large, traditional red cultivars were preferred. Attendees also provided information on demographics and plant purchases. The typical attendee was a 40- to 59-year-old female with a college education and 2 to 3 people in the household with a total income of $25,000-50,000. Eighty percent bought poinsettias in 2002, with an average of 3.7 plants purchased. Eighty percent of plants purchased were red, and color was the most important selection feature. Results suggest that although most consumers prefer traditional red cultivars, a niche market exists for plants with novel inflorescence colors and unique bract and leaf coloration patterns and shapes.

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Laura Irish, Cynthia Haynes, and Denny Schrock

discussing food security with those who are food insecure. This information allows for field-day coordinators to better tailor their promotion of field days and increase food-security promoting projects in Iowa. Materials and methods Survey instrument