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Xunzhong Zhang, Erik H. Ervin, Yiming Liu, Guofu Hu, Chao Shang, Takeshi Fukao, and Jasper Alpuerto

regulatory role in controlling stomatal aperture under drought stress ( Strivastava, 2002 ). Rapid ABA accumulation has been observed when plants are subjected to drought, salinity, and extreme temperatures ( Xiong et al., 2002 ). However, the interrelations

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Katherine F. Garland, Stephanie E. Burnett, Michael E. Day, and Marc W. van Iersel

positively correlated with θ, A N and g S per unit area did not differ among treatments ( Table 1 ). Water stress commonly results in reduced stomatal aperture, which limits the diffusion of CO 2 to the carboxylation site, thus slowing the rate of

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Joshua K. Craver, Krishna S. Nemali, and Roberto G. Lopez

of R 50 :B 50 compared with R 90 :B 10 at high radiation intensities ( Fig. 3 ). Previously, blue radiation was shown to increase stomatal aperture ( Kinoshita et al., 2001 ; van Ieperen, 2012 ; Zeiger et al., 2002 ), thereby increasing the

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Emily B. Merewitz, Thomas Gianfagna, and Bingru Huang

influence plant growth and development, including leaf senescence ( Naqvi, 1995 ) and stomatal aperture ( FuBeder et al., 1992 ). In a study with Medicago sativa , plants with a lower ABA content in roots and a higher CK-to-ABA ratio in leaves, as well as

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Chi M. Do, Kate L. Delaporte, Vinay Pagay, and Carolyn J. Schultz

Future—Beyond Food Security Andres, Z. Perez-Hormaeche, J. Leidi, E.O. Schlucking, K. Steinhorst, L. McLachlan, D.H. Schumacher, K. Hetherington, A.M. Kudla, J. Cubero, B. Pardo, J.M. 2014 Control of vacuolar dynamics and regulation of stomatal aperture

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Joshua K. Craver, Jennifer K. Boldt, and Roberto G. Lopez

deeper into leaves and canopies to improve productivity and manipulate stomatal aperture ( Smith et al., 2017 ). Additionally, green radiation absorbed by cryptochrome has been found to stimulate a response similar to shade avoidance, as these wavelengths

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Chenping Zhou, Ruiting Chen, Yaqiang Sun, He Wang, Yi Wang, Ting Wu, Xinzhong Zhang, Xuefeng Xu, and Zhenhai Han

stress is mainly caused by closing of the stomatal aperture, decline of RuBPcase activity, and accumulation of soluble sugar because of sink feedback inhibition of photosynthesis ( Cheng et al., 2008 ; Quentin et al., 2013 ). In the present study, the

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Haijie Dou, Genhua Niu, and Mengmeng Gu

; Bouly et al., 2007 ). The deactivation of cryptochrome by green light removes the signal for suppression of abscisic acid production in guard cells and results in decreased stomatal aperture and stomatal opening ( Sun et al., 1998 ). In contrast

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Haijie Dou, Genhua Niu, Mengmeng Gu, and Joseph Masabni

-activated cryptochrome removes the signal for suppression of abscisic acid production in guard cells, resulting in a decreased stomatal aperture and stomatal opening, subsequently decreasing P n ( Meng et al., 2019 ). In particular, the flavin chromophore of

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Kirsten L. Lloyd, Donald D. Davis, Richard P. Marini, and Dennis R. Decoteau

than cells from mature leaves. Consequently, cells expanded for a longer period of time, producing larger guard cells and stomatal apertures as a result of prior O 3 exposure ( Villányi et al., 2013 ). Therefore, conductance should ideally be measured