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Silvia Jiménez, Mónica Pérez, Blanca María Plaza, Roberto Salinas, and María Teresa Lao

, GLEAMS, DAYCENT, and MACRO ( Lewis and McGechan, 2002 ); models based on the average plant phenology, like DY–FERT ( Battilani, 2003 ); models based on the root architecture ( Yan et al., 2001 ); models that make use of Michaelis-Menten kinetics ( Kelly

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Arthur Villordon, Don LaBonte, and Julio Solis

Root growth and architecture are important factors that influence plant performance and survival yet are frequently overlooked in horticultural research ( Wright and Wright, 2004 ). Root architecture has previously been defined as referring to the

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Dale A. Devitt, Lena Wright, Daniel C. Bowman, Robert L. Morris, and Michelle Lockett

et al. (1998) who demonstrated that rooting architecture/depth affected NO 3 -N leaching. We also cannot rule out the contribution of macropore bypass ( Barton et al., 2005 ; McLeod et al., 1998 ) that would be maximized under such conditions, which

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Matthew B. Bertucci, David H. Suchoff, Katherine M. Jennings, David W. Monks, Christopher C. Gunter, Jonathan R. Schultheis, and Frank J. Louws

, J. 2005 Root architectural tradeoffs for water and phosphorus acquisition Funct. Plant Biol. 32 737 748 Huang, Y. Bie, Z. He, S. Hua, B. Zhen, A. Liu, Z. 2010 Improving cucumber tolerance to major nutrients induced salinity by grafting onto

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Renée L. Eriksen, Caleb Knepper, Michael D. Cahn, and Beiquan Mou

largely centered on root qualities. Jackson (1995) reported differences in root architecture in cultivated L. sativa cv. Salinas and its wild progenitor ( Kesseli et al., 1991 ) Lactuca serriola . Cultivated L. sativa tends to produce more lateral

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Limeng Xie, Patricia Klein, Kevin Crosby, and John Jifon

and phenotypic variation for root architectural traits in maize ( Zea mays L.) Theor. Appl. Genet. 127 2293 2311 10.1007/s00122-014-2353-4 Cai, H. Chen, F. Mi, G. Zhang, F. Maurer, H.P. Liu, W. Reif, J.C. Yuan, L. 2012 Mapping QTLs for root system

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Kevin Fort, Joaquin Fraga, Daniele Grossi, and M. Andrew Walker

to expand on these earlier greenhouse-based assays. Questions in this study specifically addressed 1) the degree to which strictly anatomical characterizations of root architecture and shoot biomass in unstressed young vines could predict drought

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Jingjing Yin, Nina L. Bassuk, Madeline W. Olberg, and Taryn L. Bauerle

potential throughout the tree. Water potential distribution along the root system is thus very dependent on root architecture such as fine root and coarse root branching ( Cruiziat et al., 2002 ). This makes it reasonable to assume fine roots and coarse

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Alexander Q. Susko, Timothy A. Rinehart, James M. Bradeen, and Stan C. Hokanson

many other crops to improve quantification of challenging traits, including root architecture, water use efficiency, and nutrient deficiencies while maintaining yield goals ( Berger et al., 2010 ; Clark et al., 2013 ; Shi et al., 2013 ). Systematic

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Allison D. Oakes, Tyler Desmarais, William A. Powell, and Charles A. Maynard

; Muscolo et al., 1999 , 2007 ), chelating abilities ( Ouni et al., 2014 ), and influence on root architecture ( Trevisan et al., 2010 ). The addition of these compounds to growing medium has been shown to increase leaf and shoot growth in young seedlings