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Sheng Xu, Mingmin Jiang, Jiangyan Fu, Lijian Liang, Bing Xia, and Ren Wang

accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide (O 2 − ), hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ), and the hydroxyl radical (·OH) in plants thus causing an oxidative stress ( Miller et al., 2010 ; Zhu, 2002 ). Plants possess well-developed antioxidant

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Zengqiang Ma, Shishang Li, Meijun Zhang, Shihao Jiang, and Yulan Xiao

scorching conditions, SOD activity decreased; without scorching, SOD activity should increase. Total flavonoid content. The production of total flavonoid content can be explained by the interaction of oxidative stress and photosynthesis. It is widely

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Masafumi Johkan, Genjirou Mori, Kazuhiko Mitsukuri, Keiichirou Mishiba, Toshinobu Morikawa, and Masayuki Oda

CDM was higher than that of lateral shoot propagation but lower than that of seed propagation. Therefore, CDM has potential to be used as a practical method for formation of multiple shoots. Injury to plants causes oxidative stress, which alters many

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Huiying Li, Hongji Luo, Deying Li, Tao Hu, and Jinmin Fu

production and accumulation of free radicals and ROS in plant tissues and causes oxidative stress in plants. Excessive ROS can result in irreversible oxidization of lipids, proteins, chloroplastic pigments, and nucleic acids ( Foyer et al., 1994 ; Malecka et

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Stephanie Rossi and Bingru Huang

, but they are sensitive to heat stress during summer months, and heat-induced leaf senescence and oxidative stress greatly hinder the performance of these species in warm-climate regions ( Fry and Huang, 2004 ; Turgeon, 2002 ). The objectives of this

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An Qin, Xiaosan Huang, Huping Zhang, Juyou Wu, Jie Yang, and Shaoling Zhang

When plants are subject to environmental stresses, including salt, chilling, heat, and drought, they are damaged because of oxidative stress caused by the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plant cells ( Apel and Hirt, 2004 ). ROS

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Shuai-Ping Gao, Kang-Di Hu, Lan-Ying Hu, Yan-Hong Li, Yi Han, Hui-Li Wang, Kai Lv, Yong-Sheng Liu, and Hua Zhang

2 S fumigation on kiwifruit senescence is associated with lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress, MDA, • O 2 − , and H 2 O 2 contents were evaluated. As shown in Figure 3A , MDA content increased steadily in kiwifruit treated with NaHS or water

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Cibele Mantovani, Jonas Pereira de Souza Júnior, Renato de Mello Prado, and Kathia Fernandes Lopes Pivetta

excess SA, which may have caused changes in several metabolic reactions of the plants, including a potential oxidative stress, partially through the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide ( Horváth et al., 2007 ). Growth and development. High concentrations of

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Chang-Xia Du, Huai-Fu Fan, Shi-Rong Guo, and Takafumi Tezuka

salt and salt ions may induce biochemical changes in greenhouse plants, such as the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This accumulation will increase the level of oxidized species, thereby creating oxidative stress that can damage DNA

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Shu Hsien Hung, Chun Chi Wang, Sergei Veselinov Ivanov, Vera Alexieva, and Chih Wen Yu

). Extensive study on oxidative stress has demonstrated that exposure of plants to low temperature always induces the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as superoxide radical (O 2 ·− ), H 2 O 2 , and hydroxyl radical (HO · ) in plant cells