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Asmita Paudel, Ji Jhong Chen, Youping Sun, Yuxiang Wang, and Richard Anderson

·m −1 for 8 weeks. z Sodium and Cl – are common ions present in reclaimed water and cause leaf injury to plants ( Wahome et al., 2001 ). Generally, salt-tolerant ornamental plants accumulate less Na + and Cl – ions in their leaves when compared with

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Genhua Niu, Denise S. Rodriguez, and Terri Starman

Khurram, S. Miyamoto, S. 2005 Seedling growth, leaf injury and ion uptake response of cold-resistant palm species to salinity J. Environ. Hort. 23 193 198 Kjelgren, R. Rupp, L. Kilgren, D

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Menahem Edelstein, Daniel Berstein, Moshe Shenker, Hasan Azaizeh, and Meni Ben-Hur

significance level P = 0.05. Percentage results were transformed using arcsin transformation before the analysis. Results and Discussion The leaf injuries caused by excess Se are shown in Fig. 1 . The toxicity symptoms were more pronounced in basil than in

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Emily E. Braun, Sarah Taylor Lovell, Mohammad Babadoost, Frank Forcella, Sharon Clay, Daniel Humburg, and Sam E. Wortman

mulch or if it is suitable for use in systems without mulch. There are also questions about the effects of abrasive weeding on crop health. Stem and leaf injury after abrasive weeding in vegetables may increase susceptibility to disease by providing an

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Iryna Andrenko, Thayne Montague, Cynthia McKenney, and Russell Plowman

such as Poliomintha longiflora (Mexican oregano), Ajuga reptans ‘Burgundy Glow’ (bugleweed), and Scutellaria suffrutescens ‘Pink Skullcap’ (cherry skullcap), excessive Cl – accumulations at an EC of 10.0 dS·m –1 can result in severe leaf injury

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Mahvash Zarei, Majid Azizi, Majid Rahemi, and Ali Tehranifar

salts in cell walls and cytoplasm of transpiring leaves leads to cell shrinkage and dehydration, inhibition of enzymatic activities, leaf injury, premature senescence, and eventually leaf abscission ( Munns, 2002 ) For horticultural crops, the rate of

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Togo Shinohara, Shinsuke Agehara, Kil Sun Yoo, and Daniel I. Leskovar

). Although freezing temperatures (more than 5 h of continuous 0 °C or less) on 16, 23, 24, and 25 Dec. 2007 and 3 and 8 Jan. 2008 caused leaf injury, drying mostly older but not younger leaves, all plants recovered soon after the freezes were over. Three

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Aditi Satpute, Bryce Meyering, and Ute Albrecht

chilling-sensitive crops such as basil, which experience leaf injury and sometimes irreversible wilting or death when transported or stored at suboptimal temperatures. Different strategies have been investigated to reduce CI during cold storage. These

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Stephen S. Miller and Thomas Tworkoski

concentration. The effective rate for flower thinning and fruit retention was between 2% and 6% eugenol ( Table 1 ). No fruit or leaf injury was seen on 12 June 2003 at the 6% concentration. The total number and weight of peaches per tree began to decrease at

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Haiyan Zhao, Haiying Liang, Yibing Chu, Congcong Sun, Ning Wei, Mengnan Yang, and Caixia Zheng

., 2018 ) and may lead to increasing leaf injuries ( Swoczyna et al., 2009 ). In additiona, light energy conversion efficiency and use were less, and photosynthesis was inhibited. These results reflect what was observed in ginkgo suspension cells ( Chen et