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Tim Rhodus

Effective communication of horticultural information over long distances requires the ability to present and receive not only text-based information but also images, sounds, and live-action video. Until recently, the Internet enabled users to communicate in each of these four modes, but not simultaneously. However, as a result of the World-Wide Web (WWW) project and the creation of NCSA Mosaic software, Internet users are able to access and deliver practically any form of communication, as long as it can be digitized. Information from around the world on literally thousands of subjects is now available 24 hours a day. Opportunities to communicate with the general public, primary and secondary science students, or practicing horticulturists are no longer limited by publication delays, travel distances, or media limitations.

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Gary W. Stutte and Elizabeth C. Stryjewski

Manual methods for estimating root length are tedious and time-consuming. Image capture and analysis systems can be used to obtain precise measurements of root length and growth angle. Root activity can also be determined through analysis of the mean pixel intensity of a digitized image. Both commercial (the IBM-compatible ICAS System) and public domain (the Macintosh-based NIH Image) image capture and analysis software have been used to analyze intact root systems. Examples of ICAS classification of hydroponic and soil-grown root systems will be presented. Advantages of the NIH Image software for analysis of micro-gravity experiments aboard the Space Shuttle will be discussed.

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Tina M. Waliczek, R.D. Lineberger, and J.M. Zajicek

The kinderGARDEN website ( was developed as part of the Aggie Horticulture network. Its focus was to help incorporate fun garden activities into the home and school lives of children. The page has grown to include pages on school gardens, community gardens, botanical gardens, and a fun page for kids. The site focuses toward providing information on activities and curricula developed for children. A survey, designed to investigate the perceptions of parents and teachers working with youth in gardening situations on the benefits of children gardening, is included on the site. Adults who work with children in any type of gardening situation can respond to the survey via e-mail. Questions on the survey relay information about the type of gardening situation in which the children participate, how many children are involved, the types of crops grown, the relationship of the adult to the child, and what kinds of benefits the adults observe in the children. Results and conclusions of the survey instrument will be presented. The positive aspects and drawbacks of this research technique will be discussed.

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L. A. Sistrunk

Internet is one of the main components of the information superhighway. By accessing information on networks, we as professionals can add to the information stream and disseminate research data and academic applications in a timely manner. Users worldwide can use this data to add to their ongoing research efforts. Both binary and ASCII files can be transmitted. One of the main obstacles new users must face is locating the proper area of interest. The use of FTP (File Transfer Protocol) allows users to transfer data between their server and other servers on Internet. For help in finding areas of interest there are two common systems being used. One is called Archie and allows the searching of Archie servers with key words. Substring searches can be used if you do not know the exact name of a resource. Another system is called Gopher and is menu driven. Gopher provides an easier way to search for the information you are looking for, since it allows users to move within modular menu components. LISTSERV, a mail manager system, allows the distribution of information by mailing lists in less time than regular Internet mail programs, further adding to the system efficiency.

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Milton E. Tignor and Peter J. Stoffella

Florida citrus has had an average annual on-tree-value of ≈1 billion dollars during the past decade in Florida. Nearly all of the 845,260 acres of citrus in Florida is produced on grafted trees consisting of a commercial scion cultivar and a rootstock selected specifically for local soil, environment, and pest pressures. With vastly different root-zone environments, ranging from deep sands to drained and cleared pine Flatwoods, a large number of different rootstocks are utilized. These rootstocks are started from seed at more than 100 commercial nurseries statewide, which currently produce an estimated 6 million trees a year. Although the optimum germination conditions, basic physiological performance, and adaptability of many rootstocks are known, there has been minimal investigation on early root development in seedling trays at the nursery. Four hundred seedlings of `Swingle' citrumelo (Citrus paradisi Macf. `Dunacn' × Poncirus trifoliata), `Smooth Flat Seville', `Volkamer' lemon (Citrus volkameriana), and `Sun Chu Sha' mandarin were seeded in a randomized block experimental design and grown at a commercial nursery. Seedling root systems (100/rootstock) were analyzed for a number of variables using the Rhizo (Regent Instruments, Inc.) software package and a dual light source scanner. Using the SAS general linear model procedure, hypothesis testing revealed rootstock selection had a significant effect on total root length, total root surface area, total root volume, number of root tips, number of root forks, root dry weight, and stem diameter. For most characteristics, rootstock genotype accounted for a greater portion of variability than samples (plant to plant variability).

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D. Bassi, E. Muzzi, P. Negri, and R. Selli

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Silvia Burés, David P. Landau, Alan M. Ferrenberg, and Franklin A. Pokorny