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Haiying Liang, Bing-Qing Hao, Guo-Chen Chen, Hang Ye, and Jinlin Ma

can reach as much as 90% (≈80% oleic acid, ≈10% linoleic acid, and linolenic acid) ( Mondal, 2013 ), which may be the highest amount so far reported in edible oil ( Feas et al., 2013 ). Its monounsaturated fatty acid and vitamin E contents are greater

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Jesús Gallegos, Juan E. Álvaro, and Miguel Urrestarazu

Urrestarazu, M. Gallegos-Cedillo, V.M. Ferrón-Carrillo, F. Guil-Guerrero, J.L. Lao, M.T. Álvaro, J.E. 2019 Effects of the electrical conductivity of a soilless culture system on gamma linolenic acid levels in borage seed oil PLoS One 14 e0207106 Urrestarazu, M

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Jingyi Lv, Yonghong Ge, Canying Li, Mengyuan Zhang, and Jianrong Li

molecules are ubiquitous lipid-derived signaling compounds in plants, and they play essential roles in plant growth, development, and defense ( Katsir et al., 2008 ). Biosynthesis of JA begins with α-linolenic acid, which is oxygenated by 13-lipoxygenase (13

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Chang-Xia Du, Huai-Fu Fan, Shi-Rong Guo, and Takafumi Tezuka

catalyzes dioxygenation of the plant fatty acids, linoleic and linolenic acids, has deleterious effects on membranes and proteins ( Todd et al., 1990 ). In our study, however, salt stress significantly decreased LOX activity in leaves and increased slightly

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Kemin Su, Dale J. Bremer, Richard Jeannotte, Ruth Welti, and Celeste Yang

:2–16:1) ( Fig. 5 ; Welti et al., 2002 ). These results are consistent with the findings by others that exposure of plants to higher temperature led to reductions in linolenic acid (18:3) ( Liu et al., 2006 ; Raison et al., 1982 ). It should be noted that the

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Carmen Mena, Alejandra Z. González, Raúl Olivero-David, and María Ángeles Pérez-Jiménez

., 2004 ). Palmitoleic, stearic, and linolenic acids were also determined in small amounts in the oils, whereas margaric, margaroleic, arachidic, gadoleic, and lignoceric acids were present at less than 0.5%. Table 4. Fatty acid composition of virgin olive

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Jing Tian, Li-Ping Wang, Yan-Juan Yang, Jin Sun, and Shi-Rong Guo

plant fatty acids, linoleic, and linolenic acids and has deleterious effects on membranes and proteins ( Du et al., 2010 ; Todd et al., 1990 ). LOX is involved in the activation of membrane lipid peroxidation by catalyzing the oxidation of