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Zhitong Li and John M. Ruter

, unsightly fruit eventually develop and remain on the stalks until the end of the season. This unsightliness greatly decreases the ornamental value. Thus, breeding for sterility is attempted to avoid formation and growth of seed stalks, and to improve

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Bhaskar Bondada

seed dispersal. This adaptive trait seems to be the underlying selective force in the evolution of fleshy fruit attractive to animals ( Rodrıguez et al., 2013 ). Because humans are ancestrally derived from frugivorous primates ( Dudley, 2004 ), these

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Kristen Young and Eileen A. Kabelka

from commercial companies (Seed Savers, Decorah, IA; and Reimer Seeds, Mount Holly, NC). Controlled pollinations were carried out in the greenhouse to generate F 1 (BKB × Zuc76), F 2 , and backcross (BKB × F 1 , F 1 × BKB, and F 1 × Zuc76

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Sameer Pokhrel, Bo Meyering, Kim D. Bowman, and Ute Albrecht

Until the 1800s, the typical method of citrus propagation was by growing seed of the desired fruiting variety ( Castle, 2010 ). Although grafting in citrus has been reported since the Roman era, the commercial cultivation of grafted citrus did not

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Bhaskar R. Bondada

differentiation in plants Holt Rinehart Winston New York, NY Esau, K. 1977 Anatomy of seed plants 2nd Ed Wiley New York, NY Fisher, D.G. 1985 Morphology and anatomy of the leaf of Coleus blumei (Lamiaceae) Amer. J. Bot. 72 392 406 Galet, P. 1979 A practical

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Hazel Y. Wetzstein, Zibin Zhang, Nadav Ravid, and Michael E. Wetzstein

medicine ( Holland et al., 2009 ). Pomegranate produces fruit that is valued for its juice-containing arils, health benefits, and decoration and is consumed and marketed as whole fresh fruit, extracted arils, juice, syrup (grenadine), wine, teas, seed oil

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Fan Cao, Xinwang Wang, Zhuangzhuang Liu, Yongrong Li, and Fangren Peng

; Fouad et al., 1992 ; Smith and Chiu, 1980 ; Wolstenholme and Allan, 1975 ) to induce roots for pecan stem cuttings. To understand adventitious root formation, the anatomy of roots for pecan stem cuttings has been studied ( Brutsch et al., 1977 ; Fayek

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Elina Yankova-Tsvetkova, Ivanka B. Semerdjieva, Rozalia Nikolova, and Valtcho D. Zheljazkov

crops that could be produced on marginal lands. Some species of genus Lepidium of the family Brassicaceae are ruderal plants and produce seeds rich in fatty acid oils ( Eriksson and Merker, 2011 ; Merker et al., 2010 ). The genus Lepidium L

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Chase Jones-Baumgardt, David Llewellyn, Qinglu Ying, and Youbin Zheng

grown in lit environments and then harvested and consumed at an immature growth stage. Microgreens are densely seeded and harvested shortly after the cotyledons have fully developed, either with or without the emergence of the first true leaves depending

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Luwbia Aranda, Timothy G. Porch, Mark J. Bassett, Laura Lara, and Perry B. Cregan

colored seedcoat patterns with four seedcoat colors in the presence of cl (with t ) ( Table 1 ). Bassett (2007) further clarified the anatomy of the precipitation line in partly colored seeds by describing a physical groove observed in the surface of